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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Case

SummaryGili Trawangan is an island off the northwest coast of Lombok, Indonesia. The island is small but a globally known tourism destination for coral reef SCUBA diving.
Statuspublic
TeamStefan's team
Start Date2019-06-04 09:00:02 -0400
Coding Complete?Yes
Date Completed2019-06-07 08:47:39 -0400
SectorTourism
ProjectSESMAD
Data Source(s)Primary data
CountryIndonesia
External BiophysicalOcean acidification; earthquakes; coral bleaching
External SocialPollution; heavy SCUBA tourism
Snapshots
Timeline
Modeling Issues
Surveys
TheoriesCultural heterogeneity and collective action, Accountable leadership, Past collaboration and social capital, Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), CBNRM design principles, Group size and collective action, Economic heterogeneity and collective action, Interest heterogeneity and collective action, Proportionality and collective-action, Commons boundaries and collective action, Local livelihood and protected areas, Transaction costs and collective action, Social-ecological fit theory, Collective action and the commons, Communication and collective action

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Attached Components

Actors

Name:
Gili EcoTrust on Gili Trawangan
details
Past collaboration:
High (3)
Costs of exit:
Not Applicable
Proportionality (of costs and benefits):
Not Applicable
Interest heterogeneity:
Low (1)
Leadership:
["", "Formal leader"]
Leadership authority:
High (3)
Actor group trust:
High (3)
Personal communication:
More than once a year (5)
Remote communication:
More than once a year (5)
Leadership accountability:
High (3)
Actor group coordination:
Both formal and informal
Name:
SCUBA diving businesses on Gili Trawangan
details
Past collaboration:
High (3)
Costs of exit:
No
Proportionality (of costs and benefits):
 
Interest heterogeneity:
Low (1)
Leadership:
["", "Informal leader"]
Some businesses are organized through GIDA
Leadership authority:
High (3)
Actor group trust:
High (3)
Personal communication:
More than once a year (5)
Almost daily communication
Remote communication:
Missing
Leadership accountability:
Medium (2)
Actor group coordination:
Both formal and informal
Name:
Gili Indah Dive Association (GIDA)
details
Past collaboration:
High (3)
Costs of exit:
Yes
Costs are related to social norms and trust, rather than economics.
Proportionality (of costs and benefits):
Yes
Interest heterogeneity:
High (3)
Leadership:
["", "Formal leader"]
Leadership authority:
Medium (2)
Actor group trust:
High (3)
Personal communication:
More than once a year (5)
Meetings twice a month
Remote communication:
More than once a year (5)
Leadership accountability:
High (3)
Actor group coordination:
Both formal and informal

Governance Systems

Name:
Self.organized rules and norms for SCUBA diving
details
End Date:
 
Begin date:
Early 1990's
Governance trigger:
slow continuous change
Conflict between local fishers and SCUBA divers in the area.
Governance system description:
Informal rules and norms for using coral reefs and island resources developed through self-organization of SCUBA diving businesses
Governance scale:
Local (Village, Community)
Centralization:
Highly decentralized (1)
Metric diversity:
Low: One metric for success (1)
MPA primary goal (in practice):
["", "Biodiversity conservation", "Social goals"]
MPA motivation:
["", "Other"]
MPA protection:
["", "Reducing threats"]
Excluding fishing in the area
MPA internal natural boundaries:
Low (1)
Area protects coral reefs around small island only
Distance to markets:
Not Applicable
MPA budget:
Missing
PA IUCN strict zones:
Missing
MPA connectivity:
Missing
PA CAR principles:
Yes (3)
MPA migratory benefit:
Missing
MPA migratory life history:
t
Habitat for many coral reef ecosystems, including substantial turtle breeding area.
MPA threats to migratory sp:
Missing
MPA migratory threats and redux:
Missing
Social-ecological fit:
High (3)
Governance knowledge use:
["", "Scientific knowledge", "Local/traditional knowledge"]
MPA IUCN somewhat strict zones:
Missing
MPA IUCN sustainable zones :
Missing
MPA threats:
Overuse from SCUBA diving; Coral bleaching; pollution; waste management
Governance system spatial extent:
6
Horizontal coordination:
Both formal and informal

Environmental Commons

Name:
Coral reefs, coast and small-island on and surrounding Gili Trawangan, Indonesia
details
Productivity:
 
Commons spatial extent:
5
Island is ~4 square kilometers, coral reefs surround the island on all sides
Environmental medium:
Oceanic
Coastal small island
Commons heterogeneity:
Moderate (2)
Many dive sites distributed around the islands, it is a network of patchy reef systems
Intra annual predictability:
High (3)
Inter annual predictability:
Not Applicable
Technical substitute:
Yes
Some artificial reef restoration (more than 100 individual structures) have been installed using BioRock technology. Perhaps the largest site doing this in the world.
Commons boundaries:
Clear boundaries (3)
Commons renewability:
Renewable (1)
Commons accessibility:
Very accessible (3)
Internal Ecological Connectivity:
Missing
External Ecological Connectivity:
High (3)

Component Interactions

Governance Interaction

Coral reef and coastal use

Commons User:
SCUBA diving businesses on Gili Trawangan (Actor)
Commons User:
Gili Indah Dive Association (GIDA) (Actor)
Governing Organization:
Gili Indah Dive Association (GIDA) (Actor)
Primary:
Coral reefs, coast and small-island on and surrounding Gili Trawangan, Indonesia (Environmental Common)
Governing Organization:
Gili EcoTrust on Gili Trawangan (Actor)
Governs:
Self.organized rules and norms for SCUBA diving (Governance System)