Local livelihood and protected areas
- Variable relationship:
- This theory is based on a meta-analysis of terrestrial and marine protected areas (Oldekop et al. 2015). The authors examine both socioeconomic and conservation outcomes. This theory focuses on their findings of conservation outcomes. The authors found that reported positive conservation outcomes (Commons Condition Trend) were associated with reported positive socioeconomic outcomes (User Group Well-being Change). Positive cultural and livelihood impacts were associated with positive conservation outcomes. There was no evidence for regional variation in the reporting of successful conservation outcomes.
- Scientific Field
- Component Type(s)
|Cultural services condition||Proximate independent variable||Impacts on cultural identity or community cohesion, access to culturally important sites and resources, and aesthetic appreciation of surroundings. Positive cultural outcomes were found to be correlated with positive conservation outcomes.||Improved|
|User group well-being change||Proximate independent variable||Defined by the authors as livelihood impacts, which are positive or negative livelihood impacts outside the monetary economy (e.g. subsistence farming, hunting and gathering of natural resources). Results showed that positive well-being outcomes correlated with positive conservation outcomes||Improved|
|Policy instrument||Proximate independent variable||This theory refers to effects of protected areas||Protected area|
|Commons condition trend||Final outcome||This theory looks at positive conservation outcomes, here implemented through the commons condition trend.||Remained the same or Improved|
|Critique of fortress conservation||nested|
|Ecological effectiveness of MPAs||related|
|CAR principles for conservation area design||related|
Oldekop, J. A., G. Holmes, W. E. Harris, and K. L. Evans. 2015. A global assessment of the social and conservation outcomes of protected areas. Conservation Biology:n/a-n/a.