Cultural heterogeneity and collective action
- Variable relationship:
Acheson (2006) argues that groups with strong cultural differences (Cultural Heterogeneity) operating in the context of a common-property regime may increase the costs of self-organization, as they may be unable to rely upon shared norms and cultural beliefs to resolve collective action problems (Collective Action) and manage resources (Commons Condition Trend). As a result, collective action will tend to be lower, resulting in lower levels of performance.
Lam (1998: 68), for example, found that some groups failed to self-organize in order to manage irrigation systems as a result of conflict based upon to ethnic differences.
- Scientific Field
- Component Type(s)
|Cultural heterogeneity||Proximate independent variable||Cultural heterogeneity may increase the costs of self-organization as groups lack shared norms and customs to rapidly reach agreements.||High|
|Collective action||Intermediate outcome||Culturally heterogeneous groups will face difficulties organizing to manage natural resources.||Low|
|Commons condition trend||Final outcome||As a result of a failure to act collectively the conditions of the commons worsens.||Worsened|
|Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM)||nested|
|Collective action and the commons||contains|
|Social diversity and general resilience||contradictory|