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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Studies

Peter Dauvergne

Dauvergne, Peter. 1998. "The political economy of Indonesia's 1997 forest fires." Australian Journal of International Affairs no. 52 (1):13-17. doi: 10.1080/10357719808445234.

Nancy L. Peluso

Peluso, Nancy Lee. 1992. Rich forests, poor people : resource control and resistance in Java. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Benjamin Cashore, Michael W. Stone

Cashore, Benjamin, and Michael W. Stone. 2012. "Can legality verification rescue global forest governance?: Analyzing the potential of public and private policy intersection to ameliorate forest challenges in Southeast Asia." Forest Policy and Economics no. 18 (0):13-22. doi: 10.1016/j.forpol.2011.12.005.

David P. Edwards, William F. Laurance, Lian Pin Koh

Edwards, David P., Lian Pin Koh, and William F. Laurance. 2012. "Indonesia’s REDD+ pact: Saving imperilled forests or business as usual?" Biological Conservation no. 151 (1):41-44. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.10.028.

Forest Watch Indonesia, Global Forest Watch

Forest Watch Indonesia, and Global Forest Watch. 2002. The State of the Forest: Indonesia. Bogor Indonesia & Washington DC: Forest Watch Indonesia, Global Forest Watch, and the World Resources Insitute.


Maria Jose Juan-Jorda, Iago Mosqueira, Andrew B. Cooper, Juan Freire, Nicholas K. Dulvy

Juan-Jordá, M. J., Mosqueira, I., Cooper, A. B., Freire, J., & Dulvy, N. K. (2011). Global population trajectories of tunas and their relatives. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences108(51), 20650-20655

Brian R. Mackenzie, Henrik Mosegaard, Andrew A. Rosenberg

MacKenzie, B. R., Mosegaard, H., & Rosenberg, A. A. (2009). Impending collapse of bluefin tuna in the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean.Conservation Letters2(1), 26-35.

Carl Safina, Dane H. Klinger

Safina, C., & Klinger, D. H. (2008). Collapse of bluefin tuna in the western Atlantic. Conservation Biology22(2), 243-246

Clay E. Porch

Porch, C. E. (2005). The sustainability of western Atlantic bluefin tuna: a warm-blooded fish in a hot-blooded fishery. Bulletin of Marine Science76(2), 363-384.

Nancy L. Peluso, Peter Vandergeest

Peluso, Nancy Lee, and Peter Vandergeest. 2001. "Genealogies of the Political Forest and Customary Rights in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand." The Journal of Asian Studies no. 60 (3):761-812.

Peter Dauvergne, Jane Lister

Dauvergne, Peter, and Jane Lister. 2011. Timber. Cambridge, UK; Malden, MA: Polity Press.

Tim Bartley

Bartley, T. 2010. "Transnational private regulation in practice: the limits of forest and labor standards certification in Indonesia." Business and Politics no. 12 (3).

Sean Sloan, David P. Edwards, William F. Laurance

Sloan, Sean, David P. Edwards, and William F. Laurance. 2012. "Does Indonesia's REDD+ moratorium on new concessions spare imminently threatened forests?" Conservation Letters no. 5 (3):222-231. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00233.x.

Daniel Murdiyarso, Sonya Dewi, Deborah Lawrence, Frances Seymour

Murdiyarso, Daniel, Sonya Dewi, Deborah Lawrence, and Frances Seymour. 2011. Indonesia's Forest Moratorium: A Stepping Stone to Better Forest Governance? Working Paper. Bogor Indonesia: Center for International Forestry Research.

Kemen Austin, Stuart Sheppard, Fred Stolle

Austin, Kemen, Stuart Sheppard, and Fred Stolle. 2012. Indonesia's Moratorium on New Forest Concessions: Key Findings and Next Steps. WRI Working Paper. Washington DC: World Resources Institute.

M.C. Hansen, P.V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S.A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, D. Thau, S.V. Stehman, S.J. Goetz, T.R. Loveland, A Kommareddy, A. Egorov, L. Chini, C.O. Justice, J.R.G. Townshend

Hansen, M. C., P. V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S. A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, D. Thau, S. V. Stehman, S. J. Goetz, T. R. Loveland, A. Kommareddy, A. Egorov, L. Chini, C. O. Justice, and J. R. G. Townshend. 2013. "High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change." Science no. 342 (6160):850-853. doi: 10.1126/science.1244693.

Jean-Marc Fromentin, Joseph E. Power

Fromentin, J. M., & Powers, J. E. (2005). Atlantic bluefin tuna: population dynamics, ecology, fisheries and management. Fish and Fisheries6(4), 281-306.

Jean-Marc Fromentin

Fromentin, J. M. (2009). Lessons from the past: investigating historical data from bluefin tuna fisheries. Fish and Fisheries10(2), 197-216.

Barbara A. Block, Heidi Dewar, Susanna B. Blackwell, Thomas D. Williams, Eric D. Prince, Charles J. Farwell, Andre Boustany, Steven L.H. Teo, Andrew Seitz, Andreas Walli, Douglas Fudge

Block, Barbara A., Heidi Dewar, Susanna B. Blackwell, Thomas D. Williams, Eric D. Prince, Charles J. Farwell, Andre Boustany, Steven L. H. Teo, Andrew Seitz, Andreas Walli, and Douglas Fudge. 2001. Migratory Movements, Depth Preferences, and Thermal Biology of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna. Science 293 (5533): 1310-1314.

G.D. Hurry, M. Hayashi, J.J. Maguire

Hurry, G. D., M. Hayashi, and J. J. Maguire. 2008. Report of the Independent Review: International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). Madrid, Spain: ICCAT.

Christopher M. Barr

Barr, C.M. 1998. "Bob Hasan, the rise of APKINDO, and the shifting dynamics of control in Indonesia's timber sector." Indonesia (65):1-36.

The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)

ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas). 2003. Recommendation by ICCAT on Criteria for Attaining the Status of Cooperating Non-Contracting Party, Entity or Fishing Entity in ICCAT. Madrid, Spain: ICCAT.

The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)

ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas). 2007. Basic Texts, 5th Revision. Madrid, Spain: ICCAT.

The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)

ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas). 2010. Report of the Standing Committee on Research and Statisitcs (SCRS). Madrid, Spain: ICCAT.  

The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)



ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas). 2012. Report of the Standing Committee on Research and Statisitcs (SCRS). Madrid, Spain:  ICCAT.   

Jean-Marc Fromentin, Christelle Ravier

Ravier, C., & Fromentin, J. M. (2001). Long-term fluctuations in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean bluefin tuna population. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil58(6), 1299-1317.

Jean-Marc Fromentin, Christelle Ravier

Ravier, C., & Fromentin, J. M. (2004). Are the long‐term fluctuations in Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) population related to environmental changes?.Fisheries Oceanography13(3), 145-160.

Stefano B. Longo, Brett Clark

Longo, S. B., & Clark, B. (2012). The commodification of Bluefin Tuna: the historical transformation of the Mediterranean Fishery. Journal of Agrarian Change12(2‐3), 204-226.

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ)

ICIJ (The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists).  2011.  Looting the Seas: The Black Market in Bluefin.  Washington, DC: The Center for Public Integrity.   

Brian R. Mackenzie, Ransom A. Myers

MacKenzie, B. R., & Myers, R. A. (2007). The development of the northern European fishery for north Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus during 1900–1950. Fisheries Research87(2), 229-239

Fitrian Ardiansyah, Frank Jotzo

Ardiansyah, Fitrian, and Frank Jotzo. 2013. "Decentralization and Avoiding Deforestation: The Case of Indonesia." In Federal Reform Strategies, edited by Stephen Howes and M. Govinda Rao. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Luke Lazarus Arnold

Arnold, Luke Lazarus. 2008. "Deforestation in Decentralised Indonesia: What’s Law Got to Do with It?”." Law, Environment and Development Journal no. 4 (2).

Eva Wollenberg, Moira Moeliono, Godwin Limberg, Ramses Iwan, Steve Rhee, Made Sudana

Wollenberg, Eva, Moira Moeliono, Godwin Limberg, Ramses Iwan, Steve Rhee, and Made Sudana. 2006. "Between state and society: Local governance of forests in Malinau, Indonesia." Forest Policy and Economics no. 8 (4):421-433. doi: 10.1016/j.forpol.2005.08.012.

Michael Dove

Dove, Michael R. 1996. "So Far from Power, So Near to the Forest: A Structural Analysis of Gain and Blame in Tropical Forest Development." In Borneo in Transition: People, Forests, Conservation, and Development, edited by C. Padoch and Nancy Peluso. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

L. Heydir

Heydir, L. 1999. "Population-environment dynamics in Lahat: a case study of deforestation in a regency of South Sumatra Province, Indonesia." In People and their planet: Searching for balance. New York: St. Martin's Press.

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

UN FAO. (2014). FAOSTAT. FAO, Rome.


Thomas Bernauer, Peter Moser

Bernauer, Thomas, and Peter Moser. 1996. "Reducing Pollution of the River Rhine: The Influence of International Cooperation." The Journal of Environment & Development no. 5 (4):389-415. doi: 10.1177/107049659600500402.


Thomas Bernauer

Bernauer, Thomas. 2002. "Explaining success and failure in international river management." Aquatic Sciences - Research Across Boundaries no. 64 (1):1-19. doi: 10.1007/s00027-002-8050-4.

S.J. De Groot

De Groot, S.J. 2002. "A review of the past and present status of anadromous fish species in the Netherlands: is restocking the Rhine feasible?" Hydrobiologia no. 478 (1-3).

Fikret Berkes, Terry Hughes, Robert Steneck, James Wilson, David Bellwood, Beatrice Crona, Carl Folke, Lance Gunderson, Heather Leslie, Jon Norberg, Magnus Nyström, Per Olsson, Henrik Österblom, Marten Scheffer, Boris Worm

Berkes, F, T P Hughes, R S Steneck, J A Wilson, D R Bellwood, B Crona, C Folke, et al. 2006. “Globalization, Roving Bandits, and Marine Resources.” Science 311 (5767): 1557–1558. doi:10.1126/science.1122804. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/311/5767/1557.short.

James Davidson, David Henley

Davidson, Jamie S. and Henley, Davide. 2007. The Revival of Tradition in Indonesian Politics. The Deployment of Adat from Colonialism to Indigenism, London & New York: Routledge, Contemporary Southeast Asia Series, 377 p.

Yuki Fukuoka

Fukukoka, Yuki. 2013. "Indonesia's ‘democratic transition’ revisited: a clientelist model of political transition." Democratization, no. 20(6):991-1013.

Janis B. Alcorn, John Bamba, Stefanus Masiun, Ita Natalia, Antoinette G. Royo

Alcorn, J.B., Bamba, J., Masiun, S., Natalia, I., and Royo, A.G. 2003. Keeping ecological resilience afloat in cross-scale turbulence: an indigenous social movement navigates change in Indonesia. In F. Berkes, J. Colding, and C. Holling (eds.) Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge Universitry Press, pp. 299-327.

Jesse Ribot, Ann Larson

Ribot, Jesse C., and Anne M. Larson, eds. 2005. Democratic Decentralisation Through a Natural Resource Lens. New York: Routledge.

Michael Cox, Kelsey Cody, Steven Smith, Krister Andersson

Cody, Kelsey C, Steven M Smith, Michael Cox, and Krister Andersson. 2015. “Emergence of Collective Action in a Groundwater Commons: Irrigators in the San Luis Valley of Colorado.” Society & Natural Resources 28 (4): 405–422.

Carl Folke

Folke, Carl. 2004. “Traditional Knowledge in Social-Ecological Systems [editorial].” Ecology and Society 9 (3): 7.

Dennis A. Rondinelli, G. Shabbir Cheema

Rondinelli, Dennis A., and G. Shabbir Cheema. 1983. "Implementing Decentralization Policies: An Introduction." In Decentralization and Development: Policy Implementation in Developing Countries, edited by G. Shabbir Cheema and Dennis A. Rondinelli. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Jesse Ribot

Ribot, Jesse C. 2008. Building Local Democracy through Natural Resource Interventions: An Environmentalist's Responsibility. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute Policy Brief.

Jesse Ribot, Arun Agrawal

Agrawal, Arun, and Jesse C. Ribot. 1999. "Accountability in Decentralization: A Framework with South Asian and West African Cases."  The journal of developing areas 33 (4):473-502.

S.J. De Groot

De Groot, S.J. 1992. "Decline and fall of the salmon fisheries in the Netherlands: is restocking the Rhine a reality?" Aquaculture Research no. 23 (2):253–264.

Peter JS Jones

Jones, PJS. (2013). A governance analysis of the Galapagos Marine Reserve. Marine Policy, 41, 65-71.

Matthias Wolff, Anna Schuhbauer, Mauricio Castrejon

Wolff, M., Schuhbauer, A., Castrejon, M. (2011). A revised strategy for the monitoring and management of the Galapagos sea cucumber. Revista de biologia tropical, 60(2), 539-551.

Marcus Colechester, Martua Sirait, Asep Y. Firdaus, A. Surambo, Herbert Pane

Colchester, Marcus, Norman Jiwan, Andiko, Martua Sirait, Asep Yunan Firdaus,

A. Surambo, and Herbert Pane. 2006. Promised Land: Palm Oil and Land Acquisition in Indonesia - Implications for Local

Communities and Indigenous Peoples. Moreton-in-Marsh/Bogor: Forest Peoples Programme, Perkumpulan Sawit Watch,

HuMA and the World Agroforestry Centre.

Yuki Fukuoka

Fukuoka, Yuki. 2013. "Oligarchy and Democracy in Post-Suharto Indonesia." Political Studies Review no. 11 (1):52-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1478-9302.2012.00286.x.

Vincenzo De Stefano, Peter G. Van Der Heijden

De Stefano, V., & Van Der Heijden, P. G. (2007). Bluefin tuna fishing and ranching: a difficult management problem. New Medit6(2), 59.

Trond Bjorndal, Ana Brasao

Bjørndal, T., & Brasão, A. (2006). The East Atlantic bluefin tuna fisheries: stock collapse or recovery?. Marine Resource Economics21(2)

John P. Volpe

Volpe, J. P. (2005). Dollars without sense: the bait for big-money tuna ranching around the world. BioScience55(4), 301-302.

Seth Korman

Korman, S. (2010). International Management of a High Sea Fishery: Political and Property-Rights Solutions and the Atlantic Bluefin. Va. J. Int'l L.51, 697.

The PEW Environment Group (PEW)

PEW. 2011. Mind the Gap: An Analysis of the Gap between Meditteranean Bluefin Quotas and International Trade Figures. Washington, DC: The PEW Environment Group.

Ussif Rashid Sumaila, Ling Huang

Sumaila, U. R., & Huang, L. (2012). Managing bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Policy36(2), 502-511.

D.G. Webster

Webster, D. G. 2008. Western Bluefin Tuna. In Adaptive Governance: The Dynamics of Atlantic Fisheries Management, ed. D. G. Webster. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

WWF (World Wildlife Fund).  2006.  The Plunder of Bluefin Tuna in the Mediterranean and East Atlantic in 2004 and 2005.  Rome, Italy: WWF Mediterranean.  

Tania M. Li

Li, Tanya M. 2001. Masyarakat Adat, Difference, and the Limits of Recognition in Indonesia's Forest Zone. Modern Asian Studies, no. 35(3):645-676. 

Stephen Carpenter

Carpenter, Stephen R., et al., 2012. General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events. Sustainability 4 (12): 3248-3259

James Scott

Scott, J.C., 1998. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

Richard Benedick

Benedick, Richard Elliot. 1998. Ozone diplomacy : new directions in safeguarding the planet. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Anna Schuhbauer, Volker Koch

Schuhbauer, A., & Koch, V. (2013). Assessment of recreational fishery in the Galapagos Marine Reserve: Failures and opportunities. Fisheries Research, 144, 103–110. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2013.01.012

Per Olsson, Julian Clifton, Franciska von Heland

von Heland, F., Clifton, J. and Olsson, P. 2014. "Improving Stewardship of Marine Resources: Linking Strategy to Opportunity." Sustainability 6 (7):4470-4496.


Joel Rice

Rice, J. 2009. Preliminary Report on the Management Implications and Effectiveness of Potential Bylaws in the Kaledupa Fisheries, Wakatobi Marine National Park Indonesia. UK: Operation Wallacea.


James Acheson

Acheson, James M. 2006. Institutional Failure in Resource Management. Annual Review of Anthropology 35 (1): 117-134.

Jesse Ribot, Arun Agrawal, Ann Larson

Ribot, Jesse C., Arun Agrawal, and Anne M. Larson. 2006. Recentralizing While Decentralizing: How National Governments Reappropriate Forest Resources. World Development 34 (11): 1864-1886.

Elinor Ostrom

Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Alex Hearn, Priscilla Martínez, M. Veronica Toral-Granda, Juan Carlos Murillo, Jeffrey Polovina

Hearn, A., Martinez, P., Toral-Granda, M., Murillo, J., Polovina, J. (2005). Population Dynamics of the exploited sea cucumber isostichopus fuscus in the western Galapagos Islands, Equador. Fisheries Oceanography, 14(5), 377-385

Garrett Hardin

Hardin, G., 1968. The tragedy of the commons. Science 162, 1243–1248.

Mancur Olson

Olson, Mancur. 1993. “Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development.” The American Political Science Review 87 (3) (September 1): 567.

Leanne Cullen, Jules Pretty, David Smith, Sarah Pilgrim

Cullen, L. C., J. Pretty, D. Smith and S. E. Pilgrim (2007). Links between local ecological knowledge and wealth in indigenous communities of Indonesia: Implications for conservation of marine resources. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 2(1): 289-299.

Leanne Cullen

Cullen, L. (2010). Marine resource dependence and natural resource use patterns in the Wakatobi. In: Marine Research and Conservation in the Coral Triangle: the Wakatobi National Park. J. Clifton, R. K. Unsworth and D. J. Smith (eds). New York, USA, Nova Science Publishers: 274.


J.R. Wilson, R.L. Ardiwijaya, R. Prasetia

Wilson, J.R., Ardiwijaya, R.L. and Prasetia, R. (2012). A Study of the Impact of the 2010 Coral Bleaching Event on Coral Communities in Wakatobi National Park. The Nature Conservancy, Indo-Pacific Division, Indonesia. Report No. 7/12. 25 pp

Volker Koch, Juan Carlos Murillo, Macarena Parra, Eduardo Espinoza, Judith Denkinger, Juanpablo Muñoz, Constanza Carrasco, Francisco Rubianes

Denkinger, J., Parra, M., Munoz, J., Carrasco, C., Murillo, J., Espinosa, E., Rubianes, F., Koch, V. (2013). Are boat strikes a threat to sea turtles in the Galapagos Marine Reserve? Ocean and Coastal Management, 80, pg 29-35.

Ruth Meinzen-Dick

Meinzen-Dick, Ruth. 1997. Farmer participation in irrigation – 20 years of experience and lessons for the future. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 11 (2):103-118.

Fikret Berkes, Carl Folke, Per Olsson

Olsson, Per, Carl Folke, and Fikret Berkes. 2004. Adaptive Comanagement for Building Resilience in Social–Ecological Systems. Environmental Management 34 (1):75-90.

Robert Pomeroy, Brenda Katon, Ingvild Harkes

Pomeroy, Robert S., Brenda M. Katon, and Ingvild Harkes. 2001. Conditions affecting the success of fisheries co-management: lessons from Asia. Marine Policy 25 (3):197-208.

Wai Fung Lam

Lam, Wai Fung. 2006. Foundations of a robust social-ecological system: irrigation institutions in Taiwan. Journal of Institutional Economics 2 (02):203-226.

Neil Adger

Adger, W Neil. 2010. “Social Capital, Collective Action, and Adaptation to Climate Change.” In Der Klimawandel, 327–345. Springer.

Gordon Marshall

Marshall, Gordon. 1998. A Dictionary of Sociology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Patricia Zárate, Karen A. Bjorndal, Macarena Parra, Peter H. Dutton, Jeffrey A. Seminoff, Alan B. Bolten

Zarate, P., Bjorndal, K., Parra, M., Dutton, P., Seminoff, J., Bolten, A. (2013). Hatching and emergence succes in green turtle Chelonia mydas nests in the Galapagos Islands. Aquatic Biology, 19(3), p 217-229.

Macarena Parra, Sharon L. Deem, Eduardo Espinoza

Parra, M., Deem, S., Espinoza, E. (2011). Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) Mortality in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador During the 2009-2010 Nesting Season. Marine Turtle Newsletter, 130, p 10-15.

D. Green

Green, D. (2003). Movements of green turtles within and without the Galapagos Archipelago, Ecuador. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFD-SEFSC, 503, p 74-75.

Patricia Zárate, Peter H. Dutton, A. Fernie

Zarate, P., Fernie, A., Dutton, P. (2003). First results of the East Pacific green turtle, Chelonia mydas, nesting population assessment in the Galapagos Islands. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC, 503, p 70-73.

Patricia Zárate

Zarate, P. (2006). Ecuador 2006 Annual Report. Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea Turtles. Charles Darwin Foundation.

A.S. Mather, C.L. Needle

Mather, A. S., and C. L. Needle. 1998. "The forest transition: a theoretical basis."  Area 30 (2):117-124. doi: doi:10.1111/j.1475-4762.1998.tb00055.x.

A.S. Mather

Mather, A. S. 2007. "Recent Asian forest transitions in relation to forest-transition theory."  International Forestry Review 9 (1):491-502.

W.F. Hyde

Hyde, W. F. (2012). The global economics of forestry. New York, NY, RFF Press.

Edella Schlager, William Blomquist, Shui Yan Tang

Schlager, Edella, William Blomquist, and Shui Yan Tang. 1994. Mobile Flows, Storage, and Self-Organized Institutions for Governing Common-Pool Resources. Land Economics 70 (3): 294-317.

C.S. Holling, Meffe Gary

Holling, C.S., Meffe, G.K., 1996. Command and control and the pathology of natural resource management. Conserv. Biol. 10.

Lisa Pfeiffer, C.-Y Cynthia Lin

Pfeiffer, L., Lin, C.-Y.C., 2014. Does efficient irrigation technology lead to reduced groundwater extraction? Empirical evidence. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 67, 189–208.

James Wilson, James Acheson

Acheson, James M, and James A Wilson. 1996. “Order out of Chaos: The Case for Parametric Fisheries Management.” American Anthropologist 98 (3): 1594–1996.

Colin Clark

Clark, C.W., 1973. The economics of overexploitation. Science 181, 630–634.

H. Scott Gordon

Gordon, H.S., 1954. The economic theory of a common-property resource: the fishery. The Journal of Political Economy 124–142.

Barry Smit, Johanna Wandel

Smit, Barry, and Johanna Wandel. 2006. “Adaptation, Adaptive Capacity and Vulnerability.” Global Environmental Change 16 (3): 282–292.

Eva Wollenberg, Fikret Berkes, Derek Armitage, Anthony Charles, Ryan Plummer, Robert I. Arthur, Iain J. Davidson-Hunt, Alan P. Diduck, Nancy C. Doubleday, Derek S. Johnson, Melissa Marschke, Patrick McConney, Evelyn W. Pinkerton

Armitage, Derek R., Ryan Plummer, Fikret Berkes, Robert I. Arthur, Anthony T. Charles, Iain J. Davidson-Hunt, Alan P. Diduck, Nancy C. Doubleday, Derek S. Johnson, Melissa Marschke, Patrick McConney, Evelyn W. Pinkerton, and Eva K. Wollenberg. 2008. Adaptive co-management for social–ecological complexity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7 (2):95-102.

Trond Velded

Velded, Trond. 2000. Village Politics: Heterogeneity, Leadership and Collective Action. Journal of Development Studies 36 (5):105.

Insa Theesfeld

Theesfeld, Insa. 2004. Constraints on Collective Action in a Transitional Economy: The Case of Bulgaria’s Irrigation Sector. World Development 32 (2):251-271.

Mancur Olson

Olson, Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action. Cambridge: Massachussetts: Harvard University Press.

Julian Clifton, Chris Majors

Clifton, J. and C. Majors (2012). Culture, conservation, and conflict: Perspectives on marine protection among the Bajau of Southeast Asia. Society & Natural Resources 25(7): 716-725.

Graham J. Edgar , Rick D. Stuart-Smith, Trevor J. Willis, Stuart Kininmonth, Susan C. Baker, Stuart Banks, Neville S. Barrett, Mikel A. Becerro, Anthony T. F. Bernard, Just Berkhout, Colin D. Buxton, Stuart J. Campbell, Antonia T. Cooper, Marlene Davey, Sophie C. Edgar, Günter Försterra, David E. Galván, Alejo J. Irigoyen, David J. Kushner, Rodrigo Moura, P. Ed Parnell, Nick T. Shears, German Soler, Elisabeth M. A. Strain, Russell J. Thomson

Edgar, G. J., R. D. Stuart-Smith, T. J. Willis, S. Kininmonth, S. C. Baker, S. Banks, N. S. Barrett, M. A. Becerro, A. T. F. Bernard, J. Berkhout, C. D. Buxton, S. J. Campbell, A. T. Cooper, M. Davey, S. C. Edgar, G. Forsterra, D. E. Galvan, A. J. Irigoyen, D. J. Kushner, R. Moura, P. E. Parnell, N. T. Shears, G. Soler, E. M. A. Strain, and R. J. Thomson. 2014. Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature 506:216-220.

Stuart Sheppard, Priscilla Martínez, M. Veronica Toral-Granda, Graham J. Edgar

Shepherd, S., Martinez, P., Toral-Granda, M., & Edgar, G. (2004). The Galpagos sea cucumber fishery: management improves as stocks decline. Environmental Conservation, 31(2), 102–110. doi:10.1017/S0376892903001188

Mauricio Castrejon, Anthony Charles

Castrejón, M., & Charles, A. (2013). Improving fisheries co-management through ecosystem-based spatial management: The Galapagos Marine Reserve. Marine Policy, 38, 235–245.

William Jevons

Jevons, W.S., 1906. The coal question: an inquiry concerning the progress of the nation, and the probable exhaustion of our coal-mines. The Macmillan Company.

Blake Alcott

Alcott, B., 2005. Jevons’ paradox. Ecological economics 54, 9–21.

Chris Majors

Majors C. (2008). Seas of discontent: conflicting knowledge paradigms within Indonesia’s marine environmental arena. In: Sodhi NS, Acciaioli G, Erb M, AK-J Tan (eds). Biodiversity and human livelihoods in protected areas: case studies from the Malay Archipelago. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 241–65.

Julian Clifton

Clifton, J. 2013. Refocusing conservation through a cultural lens: Improving governance in the Wakatobi National Park, Indonesia. Marine Policy 41; 80-86

Maryam Niamir-Fuller

Niamir-Fuller, M., 1998. The resilience of pastoral herding in Sahelian Africa, in: Berkes, F., Folke, C. (Eds.), Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Management Practices for Building Resilience. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 250–284.

Joshua Cinner

Cinner, JE., Graham, NAJ., Hutchery, C., and MacNeil, MA. (2009) Global effects of local human population density and distance to markets on the condition of coral reef fisheries. Conservation Biology 27 (3): 453-458

Robert Netting

Netting, R.M., 1996. What Alpine peasants have in common: Observations on communal tenure in a Swiss village. Springer.

Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz

Angelsen, A., and D. Kaimowitz. 2001. "Introduction: The Role of Agricultural Technologies in Tropical Deforestation." In Agricultural technologies and tropical deforestation, edited by A. Angelsen and D. Kaimowitz, 1-18. New York: CABi Publishing.

David Stern

Stern, David I. 2004. “The Rise and Fall of the Environmental Kuznets Curve.” World Development 32 (8): 1419–1439.

Leif Brottem, Matthew Turner, Bilal Butt, Aditya Singh

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