- Variable relationship:
Ostrom (1990) argues that participatory governance mechanisms (Participation in Rulemaking) help to ensure that rules regarding the use of the commons are ecologically appropriate (Social-ecological Fit), and thus contribute to the effectiveness of policies and improved resource conditions (Commons Condition Trend).
This theory corresponds to Ostrom's (1990) design principle number 3: Ensure that those affected by the rules can participate in modifying the rules.
- Scientific Field
- Component Type(s)
|Participation in rule making
|Proximate independent variable
|Users who participate in the design of policies that affect their use of the resource gain ownership over those policies and therefore are more eager to follow the rules. The rules are also more likely to be legitimate and fit to local conditions, which increases their effectiveness.
|The participation of local commons users in rule-making helps to ensure that the resulting rules are fit to the local ecological context.
|Commons condition trend
|Coordination and cooperation among resource users facilitates management of shared resources
|Remained the same or improved
|CBNRM design principles
|Social-ecological fit theory
|Crowding in and participation