- Variable relationship:
Ostrom (1990) and others argue that nestedness (Multiple Levels) allows management systems to be scaled appropriately for the problems they are aiming to solve, while simultaneously providing institutional diversity and redundancy, ideally enabling a governance system to benefit from the comparative advantages of both relatively centralized and decentralized institutional arrangements, and contributing to successful management outcomes (Commons Condition Trend).
- Scientific Field
- Component Type(s)
|Multiple levels||Proximate independent variable||Multiple levels of governance suggests nestedness.||Coordination among multiple levels|
|Commons condition trend||Final outcome||Multiple levels of governance may allow a governance system to avoid problems the problems of either extreme of centralization (either excessive leakage from local governance or a lack of social-ecological fit from central governance), thereby preserving the commons.||Remained the same or Improved|
|CBNRM design principles||nested|
|Conditions for general resilience||nested|
Carpenter, Stephen R., et al., 2012. General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events. Sustainability 4 (12): 3248-3259
Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons. New York: Cambridge University Press.