• Logged in as Unregistered User
  • Sign in

Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Theory

Social memory and general resilience

Variable relationship:

Reserves "of organisms, knowledge or skills" contribute to recovery from disturbance (Carpenter et al. 2012). Reserves represent the ecological (Actor Scientific Knowledge) and social memory (Actor Traditional Knowledge) that promotes recovery, adaptation (Actor Adaptative Capacity) and resilience (Ecological Resilience) to maintain the existing system configuration (Basin Switch). 


Scientific Field
Component Type(s)


VariableRoleRole ExplanationValue
Actor scientific knowledgeUnderlying independent variableScientific knowledge of the common denotes some social and institutional memory which contributes to actor adaptive capacity. Medium or High
Actor traditional knowledgeUnderlying independent variableTraditional knowledge of the common denotes some social and institutional memory which contributes to actor adaptive capacity.Medium or High
Actor adaptive capacityProximate independent variableSocial memory of past variability and perturbation, denoted by high levels of scientific and traditional knowledge, increases resource users' and managers capacities to adapt, manage and maintain the ecological resilience of their systemMedium or High
Ecological resilienceIntermediate outcomeHigher levels of actor adaptive capacity increases the potential of resource users' and managers to respond to uncertainty and perturbation, and thereby to maintain or enhance the ecological resilience of the system.Moderately to highly resilient
Basin switchFinal outcomeHigher ecological resilience means the defined commons is better able to buffer, recover and adapt to disturbance events, thus remaining in a desirable stable state.No desirable

Related Theories

TheoryRelationshipCharacterizing Variables
Conditions for general resiliencenested

Related Studies


Carpenter, Stephen R., et al., 2012. General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events. Sustainability 4 (12): 3248-3259