|Variable Component Type||Environmental Common|
|Theme||Biophysical (learn about themes)|
|Projects||SESMAD, Fiji fisheries|
|Question||What medium does this commons exist in?|
|Select Options||Oceanic, Freshwater, Terrestrial, Atmospheric|
"A sector is the physical and social environment which provides the context under which a resource or pollutant is used and/or managed. The available options are mostly self-explanatory: Oceanic: An oceanic commons is one that exists in saltwater environments. Freshwater: A freshwater commons is one that exists in a freshwater environment Terrestrial: A terrestrial commons is one that exists in a terrestrial environment. Atmospheric: An atmospheric commons is one that exists in an atmospheric environment."
|Western Atlantic Bluefin Tuna||Oceanic|
|Forests in Indonesia||Terrestrial||Forests are terrestrial ecosystems.|
|Eastern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna||Oceanic||Located throughout much of the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.|
|Ozone Depleting Substances||Atmospheric|
|Rhine Non-point source pollutants||Freshwater||Rhine's waters|
|Light Mantled Albatross||Oceanic||Nests on land; but spends a considerable amount of lifecycle foraging in the open ocean and coastal areas.|
|Wakatobi Green Turtle||Oceanic||Spend most of their lives in the sea, but return to beaches to nest|
|Wakatobi fish spawning||Oceanic|
|Galapagos Green Turtle||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|NWHI Trophic Density||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|Community D Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|Community A Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|Community C Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|Community B Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|Community G Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|Community F Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Southern Right Whale||Oceanic||Calving and non-calving whales are found in the Southern Ocean between 16 degrees South and 65 degrees South in the summer (November to April) and the near shore waters of southern Australia in the winter (May to October). On the Australian coast, southern right whales are known to use widely separated coastal areas (200 - 1500 kilometres apart) within a season (Burnell 2001; Charlton et al. 2014) .|
|GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Benthos||Oceanic||The shelf bedforms of the GAB are largely biogenic and form a large expanse of temperate carbonate sediments. The sediments are generally coarse-grained and gravelly inshore but become progressively finer and muddier with increasing depth and distance offshore (Connolly and Von Der Borch 1967).|
|Arrow Squid (Nototodarus spp.)||Oceanic|
|Mangrove forest in Bragança, Brazil||Terrestrial||Coastal mangrove forest and estuary|
|Lombok aquaculture irrigation canals||Terrestrial|
|Coral reefs, coast and small-island on and surrounding Gili Trawangan, Indonesia||Oceanic||Coastal small island|
|Gulf of Nicoya fisheries||Oceanic|
|New Zealand Sea Lion|
|Galapagos Sea Cucumber||Oceanic||Oceanic Shallow coastal waters (2-40m depth)|
|Rhine Point source pollutants||Freshwater||Rhine's waters|
|GBR coral cover||Oceanic|
|GBR target fish|
|GBR target fish||Oceanic|
|NWHI Lobster Fishery||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|Macquarie Island Royal Penguin||Oceanic||Feeds on the ocean; but reproduces on land.|
|Wakatobi coral cover||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|Patagonian squid (Loligo gahi)||Oceanic||A neritic species occurring from the surface to 350 m depth but usually only to 285 m (FAO 2016)|
|Raja Ampat Reef Fish||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|Raja Ampat Coral Cover||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|King Penguin||Oceanic||Breeds on land, but forages in the ocean.|
|Raja Ampat Green Turtle||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|NWHI Green Turtle||Oceanic||Oceanic|
|California Rocky Shores Ecosystem Health||Oceanic||Oceanic-Terrestrial boundary, but relates to more oceanic feature and dynamics in terms of ecosystem health (e.g. tides, ocean acidification, ocean temperatures).|
|California Humpback Whale||Oceanic||Marine mammal|
|California Groundfish Habitat||Groundfish are found nearshore and offshore the California coast. Groundfish are named for any species that lives somewhat on the benthos. Habitat areas of particular concern (HAPC) includes estuaries, canopy kelp, sea grass, seamounts and canyons (PFMC A18, 2005).|
|Svalbard Polar Bear||Oceanic||The polar bear uses both terrestrial and marine environments. It primarily uses sea ice to hunt ringed and bearded seals (Derocher et al 2002). Svalbard bears use land ice/snow for hibernating and rearing young, and sometimes prey on foxes and reindeer (Derocher et al 2011).|
|Seaflower coral reefs||Oceanic||Lifecycle completed in the marine environment.|
|Seaflower groupers||Oceanic||Marine fish|
|Community E Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|Community H Fish Resources||Oceanic|
|GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Southern Bluefin Tuna||Oceanic||Oceans of the southern hemisphere between 30–50° S.|
|GBR Green Turtle||Green turtles spend the vast majority of their lives at sea, but use beaches for nesting.|
|Cenderwasih coral cover||Oceanic|
|Cenderwasih green turtle||Oceanic|
|GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Sea Lion||Oceanic|
|Svalbard Kittiwake||Oceanic||Breeds on land, but forages at sea - it is a highly pelagic species, usually remaining on the wing out of sight of land|
|Cenderwasih target fish||Oceanic|
|California market squid (Loligo opalescens)||Oceanic|
Basic:A basic variable describes essential and basic background information for a component.
Biophysical:Biophysical variables describe just that: important biophysical properties, largely of environmental commons, that are not captured by a more specific theme.
Causation:A variable with this theme describes issues of causality, which is a complex subject. Most basically this theme is associated with variables that describe different types of causation and different types of causes of environmental problems.
Context:contextual variable relates the component with which it associated to the social and/or ecological setting of a particular interaction and/or case.
Ecosystem services:Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or describe the provision of important ecosystem services by a natural resource.
Enforcement:Enforcement involves several different processes, including monitoring for violations of rules, sanctioning violators, and conflict resolution mechanisms involved in this process. Variables that relate to any of these processes should be attached to this theme.
External:Variables with this theme relate a component to processes external to the case with which the component is associated.
Heterogeneity:Variables with this theme describe important ways in which the member of an actor group differ from each other.
Incentives: This theme is associated with variables that are not directly related to institutions and rules, but which still play a role in affecting the incentives that commons users have to ameliorate or exacerbate the commons they use.
Institutional-biophysical linkage:This is a sub-theme of the institutions theme, and describes those variables that ask about the relationship between a set of institutions and a biophysical aspect of a commons.
Institutions:Variables with this theme describe the social institutions (rules, property rights) that are used to organize and direct human behavior. It does not include monitoring and enforcement of these institutions, as these are associated with the Enforcement theme.
Knowledge and uncertainty:Variables with this theme describe levels of knowledge that actor groups have regarding a commons, as well as factors that affect how much uncertainty there is in the status and dynamics of that commons.
Leadership:Leaders play an important role in commons management, most traditionally by providing for public goods needed to organize commons users. But there are other possible roles, and variables associated with this theme can relate to any role that a leader might play in an interaction.
Outcomes:This theme is attached to variables that deal with any outcomes that are produced by the actions of relevant actors in an interaction.
Resource renewability:Variables associated with this theme deal with the ability of a natural resource to be highly productive and renewable.
Social capital:Social capital captures the processes that enable the members of an actor group to work effectively together. Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or in some way express the level of social capital among members of a group.
Spatial:Variables associated with the Spatial theme describe important spatial patterns or dynamics, such as the spatial heterogeneity of a commons, or whether or not a user group resides within a particular commons.
Technology:This theme is attached to variables that consider the role that technology and infrastructure have in affecting commons outcomes.