• Logged in as Unregistered User
  • Sign in

Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeBinary
Variable Component TypeNatural Resource Unit, Natural Resource System
Variable KindInteraction
ThemeTechnology (learn about themes)
ProjectsSESMAD, Fiji fisheries
QuestionDo roads play an important role in the governance of resource?
Select Options
Unit
Role
Importance"This variable is important as a proxy of the connectedness of the system to markets and the physical accessibility of the resource. Roads can thus increase the diffusion of knowledge and technology, and facilitates the arrival of humanitarian aid, but, at the same time, increases the spread of diseases (e.g., flu) and invasive species (Young et al. 2006). In relation to the extraction of common-pool resources, roads facilitates the extraction of natural resources, facilitate trading or transportation of the resource or pollutant, and access formerly remote areas (Young 1994; Laurence et al. 2009)."
Definition

Roads increase the connectedness of the system to markets and the physical accessibility of the commons. Increased connectedness, which is distinctive in our global era, simultaneously causes positive and negative effects on systems.

Sectors

Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used

Case Usages

CaseInteraction TypeComponentValue UsedExplanation
Forests in IndonesiaGovernanceForests in IndonesiaYesRoads provide access for extractive industries.
Forests in IndonesiaGovernanceForests in IndonesiaYesConstruction of roads enabled access to the resource, both by extractive industries & rural farmers, leading to forest degradation.
Seaflower MPAGovernanceSeaflower groupersMissingNO DATA
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (ICCAT)GovernanceWestern Atlantic Bluefin Tuna No
Galapagos Marine ReserveBiophysicalGalapagos Sea Cucumber 
Community D (Fiji Fisheries)GovernanceCommunity D Fish ResourcesNo
Community G (Fiji Fisheries)GovernanceCommunity G Fish ResourcesMissing
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (ICCAT)GovernanceEastern Atlantic Bluefin TunaNo
Montreal ProtocolBiophysicalOzoneNo
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (ICCAT)GovernanceEastern Atlantic Bluefin TunaNo
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR coral coverNo
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR coral coverNo
Montreal ProtocolBiophysicalOzoneNo
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR target fishNo
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR target fishNo
Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR)GovernanceGalapagos Sea CucumberNot Applicable
Macquarie Island Marine ParkGovernanceMacquarie Island Royal PenguinNo
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi coral coverNot Applicable
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi fish spawningNo
Community H (Fiji Fisheries)GovernanceCommunity H Fish ResourcesMissing
Macquarie Island Marine ParkGovernancePatagonian Toothfish No
Macquarie Island Marine ParkGovernanceLight Mantled AlbatrossNo
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) Marine National MonumentGovernanceNWHI Lobster FisheryNot Applicable
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi Green TurtleNot Applicable
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) Marine National MonumentGovernanceNWHI Green TurtleNot Applicable
Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR)GovernanceGalapagos Green TurtleNot Applicable
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Sea LionNo
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Humpback WhaleNo
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) Marine National MonumentGovernanceNWHI Trophic DensityNo
Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR)GovernanceGalapagos SharksNot Applicable
Community A (Fiji fisheries)GovernanceCommunity A Fish ResourcesNo
Community E (Fiji Fisheries)GovernanceCommunity E Fish ResourcesMissing
Community C (Fiji Fisheries)GovernanceCommunity C Fish ResourcesNo
Community F (Fiji Fisheries)GovernanceCommunity F Fish ResourcesMissing
Community B (Fiji Fisheries)GovernanceCommunity B Fish ResourcesNo
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Green TurtleNot Applicable
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Coral CoverNot Applicable
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Reef Fish Not Applicable
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Groundfish HabitatNo
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Southern Bluefin TunaNot Applicable
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine ReserveGovernancePatagonian Toothfish Not Applicable
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Southern Right WhaleYesRoads allow access to monitor the south-west southern right whale population from land at the Head of Bight. They also provide access for tourists to watch whales from the cliffs at the Head of Bight.
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine ReserveGovernanceLight Mantled AlbatrossNo
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard ShrimpNoThere are no roads in the Nature Reserves, or anywhere outside the settlements on Svalbard. Since it’s a polar environment, in regions near the towns (but not in the Nature Reserves), snowmobile provides a primary mode of transport.
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR Green TurtleNo
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard KittiwakeNoThere are no roads in the Nature Reserves, or anywhere outside the settlements on Svalbard. Since it’s a polar environment, in regions near the towns (but not in the Nature Reserves), snowmobile provides a primary mode of transport.
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine ReserveGovernanceKing PenguinNo
Falkland Islands squidGovernancePatagonian squid (Loligo gahi)No
Cenderwasih National ParkGovernanceCenderwasih coral coverNo
Seaflower MPAGovernanceSeaflower coral reefsNot Applicable
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard Polar BearNoThere are no roads in the Nature Reserves, or anywhere outside the settlements on Svalbard. Since it’s a polar environment, in regions near the towns (but not in the Nature Reserves), snowmobile provides a primary mode of transport.
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Rocky Shores Ecosystem HealthYes"Debris from coastal development and highway maintenance can create disturbances, similar to landslides, that can immediately eliminate habitat or have long-term impacts related to sand movement and burial on adjacent sites." (SIMoN 2015)
Cenderwasih National ParkGovernanceCenderwasih target fishNo
New Zealand squidGovernanceArrow Squid (Nototodarus spp.)No
California squidGovernanceCalifornia market squid (Loligo opalescens)No