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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeBinary
Variable Component TypeNatural Resource System
Variable KindInteraction
ThemeExternal (learn about themes)
ProjectsSESMAD, Fiji fisheries
QuestionDoes this commons receive pollution inputs through runoff?
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Unit
Role
ImportanceRunoff frequently carries with it pollutants from another system that is not subject to the same governance regulations as the system that is affected by such pollutants.
Definition

Surface runoff is the water flow that occurs when the soil is infiltrated to full capacity and excess water from rain, meltwater, or other sources flows over the land. This runoff can carry pollutants with it. These pollutants may not be subject to the same governance as the system they are flowing into.

Sectors

Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used
Openness and general resilienceYes (1)

Case Usages

CaseInteraction TypeComponentValue UsedExplanation
Forests in IndonesiaGovernanceForests in IndonesiaNo
Forests in IndonesiaGovernanceForests in IndonesiaNo
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR coral coverYesSedimentation from runoff events negatively affects inshore coral reefs
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR coral coverYesSedimentation from runoff events negatively affects inshore coral reefs
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Rocky Shores Ecosystem HealthYesWater from streams drain onto the sanctuary's rocky shores and bring contaminants resulting in a number of biological effects (SIMoN 2015).
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi coral coverNoIslands are very small so land-based impacts are minimal. Small-scale village waste but not large-scale run-off impacts. Plastic pollution is an increasing issue.
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) Marine National MonumentGovernanceNWHI Trophic DensityNoBut there is lot of plastic pollution
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Groundfish HabitatYesYes, particularly from the extensive farming industry near the Sanctuaries (Hamel et al. 2012).
Cenderwasih National ParkGovernanceCenderwasih coral cover Landslide in 2010 in Wasior caused sedimentation and numerous rivers flow into the bay - although no evidence found of pollution inputs.