• Logged in as Unregistered User
  • Sign in

Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeCategorical
Variable Component TypeActor
Variable KindInteraction
ThemeInstitutions (learn about themes)
ProjectsSESMAD
QuestionWere the rights that this group has with respect to this commons freely given, or sold?
Select OptionsFree, Sold
Unit
RoleCommonsUser
ImportanceMore expensive rights may limit the number of users and consequently reduce use of the commons. At the same time, high prices may have negative distributional consequences.
Definition

When rights are sold, parties must pay to purchase rights, either with money or with equivalent instruments (e.g. such as exchanging other rights). Freely given rights are rights that are given without compensation.

Sectors

Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used

Case Usages

CaseInteraction TypeComponentValue UsedExplanation
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Artisanal FishersFree
Montreal ProtocolGovernanceOzone Depleting Substance Industrial ProducersNot Applicable
Montreal ProtocolGovernanceOzone Depleting Substance Industrial ProducersNot Applicable
Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR)GovernanceGalapagos Artisan FishermenSoldSold via licensing (permit to fish)
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Artisanal FishersFree
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard Shrimp FishersFree
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard Tourism 
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Commercial FishersNot Applicable
Seaflower MPAGovernanceSeaflower artisanal fishersNot Applicable
Macquarie Island Marine ParkGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersMissingThe rights are tradeable; but it is not clear whether initial rights were given freely or sold to them
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi Bajau fishersFree
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine ReserveGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersMissing
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Sanctuary Recreational UsersFree
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Groundfish FishermenSoldRights are bought through permits.
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Academic ResearchersFree
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Commercial FishersNot Applicable
Macquarie Island Marine ParkGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersFreeRights to capture light mantled albatross as bycatch are granted to statutory fishing rights holder in relation to the number of hooks set.
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Commercial FishersSold
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Artisanal FishersFree
Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR)GovernanceGalapagos Tourism SectorSoldTourism operators must have a permit. At least at the tart, this was open to all that applied, but there are now tighter regulations.
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi Bajau fishersFree
Seaflower MPAGovernanceSeaflower artisanal fishersFreeBased on historic and cultural use.
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Academic ResearchersFree
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi Bajau fishersFree
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard TourismNot Applicable
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR commercial fishersNot Applicable
Cenderwasih National ParkGovernanceCenderwasih fishersFree
Cenderwasih National ParkGovernanceCenderwasih fishersFree
California squidGovernanceCalifornia market squid fishermenSoldBoth. Freely given if participated in it historically. Sold to newcomers now.
New Zealand squidGovernanceNew Zealand Arrow Squid FishersSoldQuotas free at first, now any newcomers have to buy in. Still need to purchase commercial fishing permit.
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR recreational fishersFree
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat TourismSoldSince 2007 all visitors traveling in Raja Ampat have to pay an entrance fee.
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR recreational fishersNot Applicable
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR commercial fishersSoldPay a license fee
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine ReserveGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersFreeThe "rights" to incidentally capture seabirds (including light-mantled albatross) are granted with the fishery quotas (a maximum of three seabirds per vessel could be incidentally caught).
Falkland Islands squidGovernancePatagonian Squid TrawlersSoldITQ at first granted at no cost, company then had right to entitlement and right to purchase license. ITQs are now traded and sold.