|Variable Component Type
|Spatial (learn about themes)
|What is the approximate spatial extent of this governance system (put in terms of square kilometers)?
|All else equal, it is hypothesized that larger governance systems do better in internalizing externalities and avoiding leakage effects.
The spatial extent of a governance system is the geographic area that is formally within its jurisdiction
|Ecological effectiveness of MPAs
|NWHI Monument Act 2006
|Raja Ampat Governance System
|11,859km2 is the total area of the MPA network
|Macquarie Island Toothfish Fishery Management Plan
|Heard Island and McDonald Islands Fishery Management Plan
|Australia's exclusive economic zone around the Heard and McDonald Islands is 410,722 km-sq.
|Sasi in Tomolol, Misool
|Joint Sanctuary Management Governance System
|GFNMS: 8,534.011 km2 CDNMS: 3,330.725 km2 MBNMS: 15,780.99 km2 Total: 27,645.72km2
|Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Management Plan
|The Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Management Plan covers an area of approximately 875 square kilometers; approximately 128 square kilometers of which is terrestrial.
|Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan
|PFMC has jurisdiction over the 317,690 square mile exclusive economic zone off Washington, Oregon and California
|Svalbard Environmental Protection Act
|Combined area of North and South Nature Reserves (North: 14,443km2; South: 21,825km2)
|Seaflower MPA Act 2005
|Macquarie Island Marine Park Management Plan
|The Falkland Islands Government (FIG) Fisheries Department’s Falklands Interim Conservation and Management Zone (FICZ)
|Since 1990, the fisheries policy has specified grounds reserved to L. gahi fishing. The “Loligo box” extends over some 9,700 square nautical miles. (Hatfield and DesClers 1998) (33270.07 kilometers square) FICZ and FOCZ = 497,714 square kilometers
|GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Plan of Management 2000 - 2005 and Management Plan 2005 - 2012
|The GABMP = 19,395 km2
|Heard and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan
|Cenderwasih governance system
|The Cenderwasih Bay National Park is 13,852km2
|California Department of Fish and Wildlife Market Squid Fishery Management Plan
|5,285 sq mi 13688.08 sq km (coastal state waters) - though can influence total EEZ (through advising Council)
|New Zealand Quota Management System
|Total area of marine jurisdiction 5,900,000 km2. (MAF 2011)
|Caeté-Taperaçú Extractive Reserve (RESEX) in Brazil
|Indonesian Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture
|Self.organized rules and norms for SCUBA diving
|Marine Areas for Responsible Fishing (AMPRs) Costa Rica
|1550 whole Gulf of Nicoya
|7 different AMPRs in the Gulf of Nicoya, all of which are much smaller areas.
Basic:A basic variable describes essential and basic background information for a component.
Biophysical:Biophysical variables describe just that: important biophysical properties, largely of environmental commons, that are not captured by a more specific theme.
Causation:A variable with this theme describes issues of causality, which is a complex subject. Most basically this theme is associated with variables that describe different types of causation and different types of causes of environmental problems.
Context:contextual variable relates the component with which it associated to the social and/or ecological setting of a particular interaction and/or case.
Ecosystem services:Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or describe the provision of important ecosystem services by a natural resource.
Enforcement:Enforcement involves several different processes, including monitoring for violations of rules, sanctioning violators, and conflict resolution mechanisms involved in this process. Variables that relate to any of these processes should be attached to this theme.
External:Variables with this theme relate a component to processes external to the case with which the component is associated.
Heterogeneity:Variables with this theme describe important ways in which the member of an actor group differ from each other.
Incentives: This theme is associated with variables that are not directly related to institutions and rules, but which still play a role in affecting the incentives that commons users have to ameliorate or exacerbate the commons they use.
Institutional-biophysical linkage:This is a sub-theme of the institutions theme, and describes those variables that ask about the relationship between a set of institutions and a biophysical aspect of a commons.
Institutions:Variables with this theme describe the social institutions (rules, property rights) that are used to organize and direct human behavior. It does not include monitoring and enforcement of these institutions, as these are associated with the Enforcement theme.
Knowledge and uncertainty:Variables with this theme describe levels of knowledge that actor groups have regarding a commons, as well as factors that affect how much uncertainty there is in the status and dynamics of that commons.
Leadership:Leaders play an important role in commons management, most traditionally by providing for public goods needed to organize commons users. But there are other possible roles, and variables associated with this theme can relate to any role that a leader might play in an interaction.
Outcomes:This theme is attached to variables that deal with any outcomes that are produced by the actions of relevant actors in an interaction.
Resource renewability:Variables associated with this theme deal with the ability of a natural resource to be highly productive and renewable.
Social capital:Social capital captures the processes that enable the members of an actor group to work effectively together. Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or in some way express the level of social capital among members of a group.
Spatial:Variables associated with the Spatial theme describe important spatial patterns or dynamics, such as the spatial heterogeneity of a commons, or whether or not a user group resides within a particular commons.
Technology:This theme is attached to variables that consider the role that technology and infrastructure have in affecting commons outcomes.