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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeText
Variable Component TypeGovernance System
Variable KindComponent
ThemeSpatial (learn about themes)
QuestionWhat is the approximate spatial extent of this governance system (put in terms of square kilometers)?
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ImportanceAll else equal, it is hypothesized that larger governance systems do better in internalizing externalities and avoiding leakage effects.

The spatial extent of a governance system is the geographic area that is formally within its jurisdiction


Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used
Ecological effectiveness of MPAs>100km2

Associated Studies

Study Citation

Component Usages

ComponentValue UsedExplanation
NWHI Monument Act 2006 
Raja Ampat Governance System1185911,859km2 is the total area of the MPA network
New Zealand Quota Management System5900000Total area of marine jurisdiction 5,900,000 km2. (MAF 2011)
Sasi in Tomolol, Misool  
Joint Sanctuary Management Governance System 27645GFNMS: 8,534.011 km2 CDNMS: 3,330.725 km2 MBNMS: 15,780.99 km2 Total: 27,645.72km2
Macquarie Island Toothfish Fishery Management Plan 
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Fishery Management Plan410722Australia's exclusive economic zone around the Heard and McDonald Islands is 410,722 km-sq.
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Management Plan 875The Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Management Plan covers an area of approximately 875 square kilometers; approximately 128 square kilometers of which is terrestrial.
Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan822813PFMC has jurisdiction over the 317,690 square mile exclusive economic zone off Washington, Oregon and California
Svalbard Environmental Protection Act36268Combined area of North and South Nature Reserves (North: 14,443km2; South: 21,825km2)
Seaflower MPA Act 200565000
Macquarie Island Marine Park Management Plan162000
The Falkland Islands Government (FIG) Fisheries Department’s Falklands Interim Conservation and Management Zone (FICZ)33270Since 1990, the fisheries policy has specified grounds reserved to L. gahi fishing. The “Loligo box” extends over some 9,700 square nautical miles. (Hatfield and DesClers 1998) (33270.07 kilometers square) FICZ and FOCZ = 497,714 square kilometers
GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Plan of Management 2000 - 2005 and Management Plan 2005 - 201219395The GABMP = 19,395 km2
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan 
Cenderwasih governance system13852The Cenderwasih Bay National Park is 13,852km2
California Department of Fish and Wildlife Market Squid Fishery Management Plan13688.085,285 sq mi 13688.08 sq km (coastal state waters) - though can influence total EEZ (through advising Council)
Caeté-Taperaçú Extractive Reserve (RESEX) in Brazil420
Indonesian Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture 
Self.organized rules and norms for SCUBA diving6
Marine Areas for Responsible Fishing (AMPRs) Costa Rica1550 whole Gulf of Nicoya7 different AMPRs in the Gulf of Nicoya, all of which are much smaller areas.