|Variable Component Type||Governance System|
|Theme||Institutions (learn about themes)|
|Question||What percentage of the area of this MPA is covered by some-what strict zones (IUCN categories III and IV)?|
|Importance||IUCN category is assigned based on the primary stated management objective of the MPA, or a zone within an MPA (the zone must be clearly mapped, recognised by legal or other effective means, and have distinct and unambiguous management aims that can be assigned to a particular protected area category). Zoning is an important component of MPA management. Zones within an MPA can be used to permit or restrict diverse uses in different areas of the MPA (or network).|
III: Category III protected areas are set aside to protect a specific natural monument, which can be a landform, sea mount, submarine caverns, geological feature such as a caves or even a living feature such as an ancient grove. They are generally quite small protected areas and often have high visitor value.
IV: Category IV protected areas aim to protect particular species or habitats and management reflects this priority. Many category IV protected areas will need regular, active interventions to address the requirements of particular species or to maintain habitats, but this is not a requirement of the category.
|Sectors||Marine protected areas|
|GBR Marine Park Act 2004-current||67 %||http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/14122/area_statement_082010_updated_WebVersion.pdf|
|Seaflower MPA Act 2005||%|
|Wakatobi National Park 2008-current||58 %||Traditional use zone = 8040 km2 – fishing by wakatobi residents only|
|Macquarie Island Marine Park Management Plan||64.2 %||64.2% of the marine reserve is a habitat/species protection zone (IUCN IV) out of a total area of 162000 square kilometers. The remainder is a habitat protection (IUCN Ia)|
|GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Plan of Management 2000 - 2005 and Management Plan 2005 - 2012||0 %||None of the GABMP (CW) is covered by the IUCN categories III and IV.|
|Heard Island and McDonald Islands Fishery Management Plan||Not Applicable|
|Raja Ampat Governance System||%|
|Joint Sanctuary Management Governance System||9 %||Farallon Islands, National Wildlife Refuge, category IV: 211 acres out of 2108800 acres = <1% Davidson Seamount = 585 square nautical mile/ 4,601 total square nautical miles = 1.2% Cordell Bank = ~112 square km of 1369 square km = 0.08 = 8%|
|Heard and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan||0 %||The entire MPA is a IUCN category 1a (strict nature reserve)|
|NWHI Monument Act 2006||0 %|
|Galapagos Governance System 1998-current||0 %||Not cited as such, but only 17% is no-take the remaing area of the park allows fishing, but not indistrial fishing - fitting with IUCN VI.|
|Cenderwasih governance system||%|
|Svalbard Environmental Protection Act||%|
|Self.organized rules and norms for SCUBA diving||Missing|
|Marine Areas for Responsible Fishing (AMPRs) Costa Rica||Missing|
|Caeté-Taperaçú Extractive Reserve (RESEX) in Brazil||Missing|
Basic:A basic variable describes essential and basic background information for a component.
Biophysical:Biophysical variables describe just that: important biophysical properties, largely of environmental commons, that are not captured by a more specific theme.
Causation:A variable with this theme describes issues of causality, which is a complex subject. Most basically this theme is associated with variables that describe different types of causation and different types of causes of environmental problems.
Context:contextual variable relates the component with which it associated to the social and/or ecological setting of a particular interaction and/or case.
Ecosystem services:Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or describe the provision of important ecosystem services by a natural resource.
Enforcement:Enforcement involves several different processes, including monitoring for violations of rules, sanctioning violators, and conflict resolution mechanisms involved in this process. Variables that relate to any of these processes should be attached to this theme.
External:Variables with this theme relate a component to processes external to the case with which the component is associated.
Heterogeneity:Variables with this theme describe important ways in which the member of an actor group differ from each other.
Incentives: This theme is associated with variables that are not directly related to institutions and rules, but which still play a role in affecting the incentives that commons users have to ameliorate or exacerbate the commons they use.
Institutional-biophysical linkage:This is a sub-theme of the institutions theme, and describes those variables that ask about the relationship between a set of institutions and a biophysical aspect of a commons.
Institutions:Variables with this theme describe the social institutions (rules, property rights) that are used to organize and direct human behavior. It does not include monitoring and enforcement of these institutions, as these are associated with the Enforcement theme.
Knowledge and uncertainty:Variables with this theme describe levels of knowledge that actor groups have regarding a commons, as well as factors that affect how much uncertainty there is in the status and dynamics of that commons.
Leadership:Leaders play an important role in commons management, most traditionally by providing for public goods needed to organize commons users. But there are other possible roles, and variables associated with this theme can relate to any role that a leader might play in an interaction.
Outcomes:This theme is attached to variables that deal with any outcomes that are produced by the actions of relevant actors in an interaction.
Resource renewability:Variables associated with this theme deal with the ability of a natural resource to be highly productive and renewable.
Social capital:Social capital captures the processes that enable the members of an actor group to work effectively together. Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or in some way express the level of social capital among members of a group.
Spatial:Variables associated with the Spatial theme describe important spatial patterns or dynamics, such as the spatial heterogeneity of a commons, or whether or not a user group resides within a particular commons.
Technology:This theme is attached to variables that consider the role that technology and infrastructure have in affecting commons outcomes.