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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeInterval
Variable Component TypeGovernance System
Variable KindComponent
ThemeInstitutions (learn about themes)
QuestionWhat percentage of the area of this MPA is covered by some-what strict zones (IUCN categories III and IV)?
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ImportanceIUCN category is assigned based on the primary stated management objective of the MPA, or a zone within an MPA (the zone must be clearly mapped, recognised by legal or other effective means, and have distinct and unambiguous management aims that can be assigned to a particular protected area category). Zoning is an important component of MPA management. Zones within an MPA can be used to permit or restrict diverse uses in different areas of the MPA (or network).

III: Category III protected areas are set aside to protect a specific natural monument, which can be a landform, sea mount, submarine caverns, geological feature such as a caves or even a living feature such as an ancient grove. They are generally quite small protected areas and often have high visitor value.

IV: Category IV protected areas aim to protect particular species or habitats and management reflects this priority. Many category IV protected areas will need regular, active interventions to address the requirements of particular species or to maintain habitats, but this is not a requirement of the category.

For further details and examples of how these categories are applied to MPAs, refer to IUCN Guidelines for Applying the IUCN Protected Area Management Categories to Marine Protected Areas for additional definitions: http://iucn.org/about/work/programmes/marine/marine_our_work/marine_mpas/mpa_publications.cfm?11131/Guidelines-for-Applying-the-IUCN-Protected-Area-Management-Categories-to-Marine-Protected-Areas

SectorsMarine protected areas

Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used

Associated Studies

Study Citation

Component Usages

ComponentValue UsedExplanation
GBR Marine Park Act 2004-current67 %http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/14122/area_statement_082010_updated_WebVersion.pdf
Wakatobi National Park 2008-current58 %Traditional use zone = 8040 km2 – fishing by wakatobi residents only
Macquarie Island Marine Park Management Plan64.2 %64.2% of the marine reserve is a habitat/species protection zone (IUCN IV) out of a total area of 162000 square kilometers. The remainder is a habitat protection (IUCN Ia)
Marine Areas for Responsible Fishing (AMPRs) Costa RicaMissing
NWHI Monument Act 20060 %
Raja Ampat Governance System %
Joint Sanctuary Management Governance System 9 %Farallon Islands, National Wildlife Refuge, category IV: 211 acres out of 2108800 acres = <1% Davidson Seamount = 585 square nautical mile/ 4,601 total square nautical miles = 1.2% Cordell Bank = ~112 square km of 1369 square km = 0.08 = 8%
Svalbard Environmental Protection Act %
Seaflower MPA Act 2005 %
Galapagos Governance System 1998-current0 %Not cited as such, but only 17% is no-take the remaing area of the park allows fishing, but not indistrial fishing - fitting with IUCN VI.
GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Plan of Management 2000 - 2005 and Management Plan 2005 - 20120 %None of the GABMP (CW) is covered by the IUCN categories III and IV.
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan0 %The entire MPA is a IUCN category 1a (strict nature reserve)
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Fishery Management PlanNot Applicable
Cenderwasih governance system %
Caeté-Taperaçú Extractive Reserve (RESEX) in BrazilMissing
Self.organized rules and norms for SCUBA divingMissing