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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeInterval
Variable Component TypeGovernance System
Variable KindComponent
ThemeInstitutions (learn about themes)
QuestionFor this snapshot, what is the most recent annual management budget for the MPA (US$)?
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ImportanceThe literature suggests that annual MPA management costs are lower per-unit area for larger MPAs (i.e., fixed cost below a threshold) (Balmford et al. 2004). MPA management budgets are rarely considered sufficient, thus estimating the shortfalls between current and required management funding can raise awareness about costs, and help to secure adequate resources upon implementation of MPAs (Ban et al. 2011).

Most recent annual budget (total costs) for the MPA. If not quoted in US$ please convert from the original currency to US$ using the equivalent year exchange rate (i.e. the conversion rate from the same year you are quoting for the budget).

Conversions should be made using the following link: http://www.oanda.com/currency/converter/

  1. select the appropriate 'currency I have' for this case, and the 'currency I want' (US$)

  2. enter the budget amount under the ‘currency I have’

  3. select the date to be 2nd July of the year for which you are quoting the budget from (e.g. if the MPA budget is from 2010, select 2nd July 2010)

  4. enter the value from the ‘currency I want’ box as the variable answer
SectorsMarine protected areas

Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used

Component Usages

ComponentValue UsedExplanation
GBR Marine Park Act 1975-1999 $US
GBR Marine Park Act 2004-current49500000 $USAUD $54 million in 2014
Wakatobi National Park 2008-currentMissingCoud not find this
NWHI Monument Act 2006Missing
Raja Ampat Governance SystemMissing
Joint Sanctuary Management Governance System 4728783 $US$4,728,783 MBNMS: about 2.5 million dollars per year CBNMS: 2008: $627,000, adjusted for inflation 2014: 689,416 GFNMS: 2008: $1.4 million, adjusted for inflation 2014: 1,539,367 FY 1999 Budget: MBNMS: $980,491 GFNMS: $456,089 CDNMS: $121,421
Svalbard Environmental Protection ActMissingUnknown
Seaflower MPA Act 20056000000 $USfor a period from 2009-2014. Regional office is responsible for obtaining funds on its own. It does not receive funding from the national government. This particular funding was received from IDT/GEF grant. At this point, based on our interview with Graham Edgar CORALINA does not have any major funding stream.
Galapagos Governance System 1998-currentMissing
Macquarie Island Marine Park Management PlanNot Applicable
GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Plan of Management 2000 - 2005 and Management Plan 2005 - 2012113723 $USThis is the financial operating cost for the GABMP (CW) reported in the 2011 - 2012 State of the Parks Report. Operating costs include relevant annual business agreements, aerial surveillance and incident management. It excludes services provided by the Australian Fisheries Management Authority and the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service.
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan30000 $US30,000 AU Dollars is budgeted annually for the Heard and McDonald Islands MPA (See Director of National Parks 2013/14 Annual Report).
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Fishery Management PlanNot Applicable
Cenderwasih governance system867245 $USManagement budget for 2006: 8097531154 Rupiah, converted using 2006 exchange rate = US$ 867,245. http://www.dephut.go.id/Halaman/PDF/BTCNTC/BTNTC_2006.pdf