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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeText
Variable Component TypeGovernance System
Variable KindComponent
ThemeBasic (learn about themes)
ProjectsSESMAD, Fiji fisheries
QuestionIn what year was this governance system end? If it hasn't ended, enter "current" instead of a year.
Select Options
ImportanceTogether with the “GSBeginDate” variable, it provides the information on the longevity of the governance system. From the theoretical perspective, the longer the governance system has been in existence, the more robust it is likely to be (Ostrom 2005).

The year in which the governance system that is being analyzed ended.


Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used

Associated Studies

Study Citation

Component Usages

ComponentValue UsedExplanation
"New Order" Indonesian Forest Governance System, 1965-19981998In 1998 a serious economic crisis led to massive protests which ended Suharto's government. A new democratic governance regime was created which was substantially different from Suharto's dictatorship.
"Reformasi" Indonesian Forest Governance System, 1998-20122012Although the system was still in effect at the time of final coding (2014), it was being gradually transformed by the evolving REDD+ regime in Indonesia, and the implications of this are not yet clear, thus we chose to focus on the period ending in 2012
GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Plan of Management 2000 - 2005 and Management Plan 2005 - 20122012The second management plan being coded in this case expired on 16 May 2012, so the snapshot ends in 2012.
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Fishery Management Plancurrent (2014)This governance system is still in operation.
Sasi in Tomolol, Misool  
ICCAT Governance SystemCurrentAlthough the snapshots end in 2007 to ensure the most accurate estimates of outcome variables, ICCAT remains the central governance system for the regulation of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna.
GMR governance system 1998-currentCurrentcoding finished in 2015. Verbal reports that the MPA will be under-going re-zoning ~this year.
Montreal ProtocolCurrent
Pre-Montreal Protocol Ozone Governance1989
Rhine Chemicals Convention1986The Convention was not revoked but has been superseded by subsequent agreements, starting by the Rhine Action Plan in 1986
Rhine Action Plan2000The first edition of the Plan was for 4 years. The Plan has been successively re-edited.
GBR Marine Park Act 1975-19991999This snapshot of the GBR encompasses the beginning of the park until a re-zoning effort was started in 1999.
GBR Marine Park Act 2004-currentCurrentThis snapshot describes the GBRMP governance system after re-zoning, from 2004-current (Coded in 2014)
Wakatobi National Park 2008-currentCurrent 2014A 25-year management plan was established in 2008
NWHI Monument Act 2006current2015
Magnuson-Stevens ActCurrent
Macquarie Island Toothfish Fishery Management PlanCurrent (2014)As of 2014
Raja Ampat Governance SystemCurrent2015
Joint Sanctuary Management Governance System Current
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Management Plan Current (2014)Governance system remains in place. Coded until 2014.
Community D Governance SystemCurrent
Community A Governance SystemCurrent
Community C Governance SystemCurrent
Community B Governance SystemCurrent
Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management PlanCurrent
Svalbard Environmental Protection Act2012The Svalbard Environmental Protection Act is ongoing and has not been superseded. The specific regulations, however, have been modified. The first management plan for these reserves was created in 2013, which provides a more detailed outline of how the Nature Reserves should be managed, and new regulations were implemented in 2014. These regulations must be in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act.
Seaflower MPA Act 2005currentStill ongoing
Community G Governance SystemCURRENT
Community H Governance SystemCurrent
Community E Governance SystemCurrent
Community F Governance SystemCurrent
Galapagos Governance System 1998-currentcurrentcoding finished in 2015. An apt time to finish as verbal reports that the MPA will be under-going re-zoning ~this year and changes to the Special Law are under review.
Macquarie Island Marine Park Management PlanCurrent (2014)Coded as of the end of 2014
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan2012This management plan was designed to run through 2012. In 2014, a new management plan was implemented and designed to run through 2024. This second management plan aligned with the new larger boundaries of the MPA that was adopted in 2014.
Cenderwasih governance systemcurrent
The Falkland Islands Government (FIG) Fisheries Department’s Falklands Interim Conservation and Management Zone (FICZ)current
California Department of Fish and Wildlife Market Squid Fishery Management Plancurrent2016
New Zealand Quota Management Systemcurrent2016
Caeté-Taperaçú Extractive Reserve (RESEX) in BrazilCurrent
Indonesian Department of Fisheries and AquacultureNot Applicable
Self.organized rules and norms for SCUBA diving 
Marine Areas for Responsible Fishing (AMPRs) Costa Rica