|Variable Component Type||Governance System|
|Theme||Basic (learn about themes)|
|Projects||SESMAD, Fiji fisheries|
|Question||In what year was this governance system end? If it hasn't ended, enter "current" instead of a year.|
|Importance||Together with the “GSBeginDate” variable, it provides the information on the longevity of the governance system. From the theoretical perspective, the longer the governance system has been in existence, the more robust it is likely to be (Ostrom 2005).|
The year in which the governance system that is being analyzed ended.
|"New Order" Indonesian Forest Governance System, 1965-1998||1998||In 1998 a serious economic crisis led to massive protests which ended Suharto's government. A new democratic governance regime was created which was substantially different from Suharto's dictatorship.|
|"Reformasi" Indonesian Forest Governance System, 1998-2012||2012||Although the system was still in effect at the time of final coding (2014), it was being gradually transformed by the evolving REDD+ regime in Indonesia, and the implications of this are not yet clear, thus we chose to focus on the period ending in 2012|
|ICCAT Governance System||Current||Although the snapshots end in 2007 to ensure the most accurate estimates of outcome variables, ICCAT remains the central governance system for the regulation of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna.|
|GMR governance system 1998-current||Current||coding finished in 2015. Verbal reports that the MPA will be under-going re-zoning ~this year.|
|Pre-Montreal Protocol Ozone Governance||1989|
|Rhine Chemicals Convention||1986||The Convention was not revoked but has been superseded by subsequent agreements, starting by the Rhine Action Plan in 1986|
|Rhine Action Plan||2000||The first edition of the Plan was for 4 years. The Plan has been successively re-edited.|
|GBR Marine Park Act 1975-1999||1999||This snapshot of the GBR encompasses the beginning of the park until a re-zoning effort was started in 1999.|
|GBR Marine Park Act 2004-current||Current||This snapshot describes the GBRMP governance system after re-zoning, from 2004-current (Coded in 2014)|
|Wakatobi National Park 2008-current||Current 2014||A 25-year management plan was established in 2008|
|NWHI Monument Act 2006||current||2015|
|Raja Ampat Governance System||Current||2015|
|Joint Sanctuary Management Governance System||Current|
|Macquarie Island Toothfish Fishery Management Plan||Current (2014)||As of 2014|
|Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Management Plan||Current (2014)||Governance system remains in place. Coded until 2014.|
|Community D Governance System||Current|
|Community A Governance System||Current|
|Community C Governance System||Current|
|Community B Governance System||Current|
|Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan||Current|
|Svalbard Environmental Protection Act||2012||The Svalbard Environmental Protection Act is ongoing and has not been superseded. The specific regulations, however, have been modified. The first management plan for these reserves was created in 2013, which provides a more detailed outline of how the Nature Reserves should be managed, and new regulations were implemented in 2014. These regulations must be in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act.|
|Seaflower MPA Act 2005||current||Still ongoing|
|Community G Governance System||CURRENT|
|Community E Governance System||Current|
|Community F Governance System||Current|
|Community H Governance System||Current|
|Galapagos Governance System 1998-current||current||coding finished in 2015. An apt time to finish as verbal reports that the MPA will be under-going re-zoning ~this year and changes to the Special Law are under review.|
|Macquarie Island Marine Park Management Plan||Current (2014)||Coded as of the end of 2014|
|GABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Plan of Management 2000 - 2005 and Management Plan 2005 - 2012||2012||The second management plan being coded in this case expired on 16 May 2012, so the snapshot ends in 2012.|
|Heard and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan||2012||This management plan was designed to run through 2012. In 2014, a new management plan was implemented and designed to run through 2024. This second management plan aligned with the new larger boundaries of the MPA that was adopted in 2014.|
|Heard Island and McDonald Islands Fishery Management Plan||current (2014)||This governance system is still in operation.|
|Cenderwasih governance system||current|
|The Falkland Islands Government (FIG) Fisheries Department’s Falklands Interim Conservation and Management Zone (FICZ)||current|
|California Department of Fish and Wildlife Market Squid Fishery Management Plan||current||2016|
|New Zealand Quota Management System||current||2016|
Basic:A basic variable describes essential and basic background information for a component.
Biophysical:Biophysical variables describe just that: important biophysical properties, largely of environmental commons, that are not captured by a more specific theme.
Causation:A variable with this theme describes issues of causality, which is a complex subject. Most basically this theme is associated with variables that describe different types of causation and different types of causes of environmental problems.
Context:contextual variable relates the component with which it associated to the social and/or ecological setting of a particular interaction and/or case.
Ecosystem services:Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or describe the provision of important ecosystem services by a natural resource.
Enforcement:Enforcement involves several different processes, including monitoring for violations of rules, sanctioning violators, and conflict resolution mechanisms involved in this process. Variables that relate to any of these processes should be attached to this theme.
External:Variables with this theme relate a component to processes external to the case with which the component is associated.
Heterogeneity:Variables with this theme describe important ways in which the member of an actor group differ from each other.
Incentives: This theme is associated with variables that are not directly related to institutions and rules, but which still play a role in affecting the incentives that commons users have to ameliorate or exacerbate the commons they use.
Institutional-biophysical linkage:This is a sub-theme of the institutions theme, and describes those variables that ask about the relationship between a set of institutions and a biophysical aspect of a commons.
Institutions:Variables with this theme describe the social institutions (rules, property rights) that are used to organize and direct human behavior. It does not include monitoring and enforcement of these institutions, as these are associated with the Enforcement theme.
Knowledge and uncertainty:Variables with this theme describe levels of knowledge that actor groups have regarding a commons, as well as factors that affect how much uncertainty there is in the status and dynamics of that commons.
Leadership:Leaders play an important role in commons management, most traditionally by providing for public goods needed to organize commons users. But there are other possible roles, and variables associated with this theme can relate to any role that a leader might play in an interaction.
Outcomes:This theme is attached to variables that deal with any outcomes that are produced by the actions of relevant actors in an interaction.
Resource renewability:Variables associated with this theme deal with the ability of a natural resource to be highly productive and renewable.
Social capital:Social capital captures the processes that enable the members of an actor group to work effectively together. Variables associated with this theme describe factors that affect or in some way express the level of social capital among members of a group.
Spatial:Variables associated with the Spatial theme describe important spatial patterns or dynamics, such as the spatial heterogeneity of a commons, or whether or not a user group resides within a particular commons.
Technology:This theme is attached to variables that consider the role that technology and infrastructure have in affecting commons outcomes.