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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Variables

Variable TypeBinary
Variable Component TypeActor
Variable KindInteraction
ThemeTechnology (learn about themes)
ProjectsSESMAD
QuestionDoes this group have access to and employ low-cost technology to limit access to the resource?
Select Options
Unit
RoleCommonsUser
ImportanceLow cost technology for limiting resource access enables users to exclude others without incurring prohibitive costs -this could enable them to avoid an open access situation.
Definition

Low-cost technology to limit access to the resource refers to any technology which can easily be deployed enabling users to keep others from using the resource. For example, in some inshore fishery systems, fishermen live along the shore and can see the entire fishing grounds from their homes, and can thus easily detect fishermen violating closures, and use their boats - docked near their homes - to intercept them.

Sectors

Theory Usages

TheoryValue Used

Case Usages

CaseInteraction TypeComponentValue UsedExplanation
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Artisanal FishersNo
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Artisanal FishersNo
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard Shrimp FishersNo
Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR)GovernanceGalapagos Artisan FishermenNoNon used
Seaflower MPAGovernanceSeaflower artisanal fishersNot Applicable
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Commercial FishersNo
Macquarie Island Marine ParkGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersNot Applicable
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi Bajau fishersNo
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard TourismNo
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Sanctuary Recreational UsersNo
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Groundfish FishermenNo
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine ReserveGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersNot Applicable
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Academic ResearchersNo
Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR)GovernanceGalapagos Tourism SectorNo
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Commercial FishersNot Applicable
Macquarie Island Marine ParkGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersNo
Great Australian Bight Marine Park (GABMP) (Commonwealth Waters)GovernanceGABMP (Commonwealth Waters) Commercial FishersNo
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat Artisanal FishersYeslow cost patrols (fuel and boats - although fuel is expensive), beach walks for monitoring nesting turtles
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi Bajau fishersNo
Seaflower MPAGovernanceSeaflower artisanal fishersMissingNO DATA
Wakatobi National Park GovernanceWakatobi Bajau fishers 
Central California National Marine Sanctuaries GovernanceCalifornia Academic ResearchersNoFences protect some habitats, but researchers do not employ this themselves
Cenderwasih National ParkGovernanceCenderwasih fishersNono access to any exclusion technologies
Cenderwasih National ParkGovernanceCenderwasih fishersNono access to any exclusion technologies
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR commercial fishersNot Applicable
Svalbard Nature ReservesGovernanceSvalbard TourismNo
California squidGovernanceCalifornia market squid fishermenNoNeed expensive trawlers and fish finders and round haul nets.
New Zealand squidGovernanceNew Zealand Arrow Squid FishersNoVery expensive to access.
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR recreational fishersNot Applicable
Raja Ampat (National Act No. 32 2004)GovernanceRaja Ampat TourismNot Applicable
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR recreational fishersNot Applicable
Heard and McDonald Islands Marine ReserveGovernanceAustralian Toothfish FishersNo
Falkland Islands squidGovernancePatagonian Squid TrawlersNoITQ limits access. VMS is used to track vessels and identify any that are illegally fishing, but this is task of managers not fishermen. Very expensive vessels.
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkGovernanceGBR commercial fishersNot Applicable