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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryCoral cover is a measure of the ecosystem health. Raja Ampat is at the heart of the ‘Coral Triangle’, an area with the world’s highest coral reef biodiversity. The archipelago is estimated to harbor over 75% of the world’s coral species.
SubtypeNatural Resource Unit
SectorMarine protected areas
Commons AggregationGuild
ExplanationMultiple coral species
Commons BoundariesClear boundaries (3)
ExplanationReefs are clearly recognized
Commons Indicator["Ecosystem health and/or biodiversity"]
Commons Unit SizeLarge (4)
ExplanationThe reefs as a whole are large (not the coral polyps themselves)
Environmental MediumOceanic
Inter Annual PredictabilityHigh (3)
Intra Annual PredictabilityHigh (3)
Commons RenewabilityRenewable (1)
ExplanationBut takes decades to renew because coral reefs are slow-growing
ProductivityVery productive (3)
ExplanationShallow water corals reefs are among the most productive ecosystems of the world
Commons AccessibilityVery accessible (3)
ExplanationSome areas of the reef are very accessible and located near villages, other reefs are further away and require a boat to access - access is only prevented for some areas during rough weather.
Commons HeterogeneityLow (1)
ExplanationCorals cluster together in reefs, in a patchwork of reef and non-reef areas.
Commons MobilitySessile (1)
Commons Spatial Extent11859
ExplanationCoded as spatial extent of MPA network (not the area of reefs)
Technical SubstituteNo