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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryTargeted reef fish include wrasse, grouper, snapper, parrotfish and surgeonfish.
SubtypeNatural Resource Unit
SectorMarine protected areas
Commons AggregationGuild
ExplanationMultiple reef fish species
Commons BoundariesSomewhat unclear boundaries (2)
ExplanationSome species are habitat-associated species and tend to mirror patterns in habitat cover. However, the resource is mobile horizontally and vertically and often crosses administrative boundaries (e.g., zoning) so is considered to have somewhat unclear boundaries.
Commons Indicator["Status of species targeted by fisheries"]
Commons Unit SizeSmall (2)
ExplanationOn average reef fish are comparatively small
Environmental MediumOceanic
Inter Annual PredictabilityModerate (2)
Intra Annual PredictabilityModerate (2)
Commons RenewabilityRenewable (1)
ExplanationHowever, some can be very slow growing taking years to mature and reproduce
ProductivityModerately Productive (2)
ExplanationMost species would be moderate to highly productive. However, some can be very slow growing taking years to mature and reproduce hence the evaluation here that the resource is moderately productive.
Commons AccessibilityVery accessible (3)
ExplanationReefs are fairly close to shore
Commons HeterogeneityModerate (2)
ExplanationDistributed around all parts of the MPA in varying degrees
Commons MobilityMedium (2)
ExplanationVaries by species. Compared to sessile resources, like coral or trees, and global migratory species or pollutants target fish are considered to be moderately mobile.
Commons Spatial Extent11859
ExplanationThis is the spatial area of the Raja Ampat region that is covered by the marine protected area.
Technical SubstituteNo