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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryStrategic partnership between TNC/WWF, PHKA (Gov: Ministry of Forestry), district government of Wakatobi, and the tour operators.
SectorMarine protected areas
Interest HeterogeneityLow (1)
ExplanationCentral government mandated to protect biodiversity, local government implements this aim, NGOs also working towards this aim, with a focus on relieving pressure on marine resources. No records of major conflict.
Costs Of ExitNot Applicable
Proportionality (Of Costs And Benefits)Not Applicable
Actor Group CoordinationBoth formal and informal
ExplanationFormal - TNC-WWF joint programme and MOU with park rangers. Share monitoring and patrolling. Informal - collaborations between local governement/park authority and NGOs is mutually beneficial.
Leadership["Formal leader"]
ExplanationUltimately the central government
Leadership AccountabilityNot Applicable
Leadership AuthorityMedium (2)
ExplanationCentral government sets budget, but are based in Jakarta, day-to-day running is managed by district government with support from NGOs
Actor Group TrustMedium (2)
ExplanationNo evidence specifically on trust, but NGOs are given a lot of freedom by government (e.g. patrolling) - mainly due to lack of capacity on part of the government and investment in the area by TNC/WWF and their need to achieve objectives. No data on trust specifically. Julian Clifton described it as 'more respect, than trust' (interview June 2015): "local mayor is very influential, and I would imagine the NGOs don’t trust him because they can’t control him, and they have their own agendas in needing to meet their conservation objectives. Respect each other, but not really trust. The mayor is powerful at a local level, but NGOs are connected to the government further up the ladder through the Coral Triangle Initiative – so the mayor can’t antagonise the NGOs - benefits to both if they rub along with each other."
Past CollaborationMedium (2)
ExplanationNGOs have been in the region for about 10 yrs, started informal collaborations prior to formal agreement. Decentralization occurred in 1999 - central and local gov collaborations - Indonesia one of the first examples. Not coded as high because the partnership is fairly new, both between NGOS, and NGOs + government.
Personal CommunicationMore than once a year (5)
ExplanationHold meetings more than once a year
Remote CommunicationMore than once a year (5)