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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryThe 1975 Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP) Act established the marine park and the park’s authority (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, GBRMPA). From 1999 a systematic conservation planning approach called the Representative Areas Programme was undertaken to identify and implement a larger system of no-take zones that represented the diversity of bioregions and habitats encompassed in the GBRMP. It was implemented in 2004, and the proportion of no-take areas changed from about 5% to 33%. This snapshot reports on the characteristics of the governance system after the re-zoning until current
SubtypeFormal Governance System
SectorMarine protected areas
Begin Date2004
ExplanationThe year in which the re-zoning took place
End DateCurrent
ExplanationThis snapshot describes the GBRMP governance system after re-zoning, from 2004-current (Coded in 2014)
Governance ScaleState-based policy
ExplanationSub-regional scale. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is in the state of Queensland, thus a sub-national scale.
Governance System DescriptionAnd Act created specifically to manage this marine park
Governance Triggerslow continuous change
ExplanationConcerns about ongoing threats to biodiversity, and the threat of climate change, prompted the rezoning of the marine park.
Type Of Formal GovernanceManagement plan
ExplanationThe Act is implemented through a management plan.
Mpa Internal Natural BoundariesLow (1)
ExplanationThe coastal MPA and GBRMPA are adjacent to the coast and are not separated by deep water or sand.
Mpa Migratory Life Historyt
ExplanationIt covers breeding and foraging grounds for turtles, dugong and shark
Mpa Threats To Migratory Sp["Bycatch", "Habitat destruction", "Other"]
ExplanationTurtles can be caught for subsistence use by indigenous fishers Certain sharks are caught in the inshore net fishery. They are also killed as a result of measure to protect bathers (nets, baited hooks, culling).
Governance Knowledge Use["Scientific knowledge"]
ExplanationGBRMPA employs scientists, and collaborates with AIMS and universities, to generate and use scientific information
Pa Car PrinciplesYes (3)
ExplanationRepresentative Areas Program specifically used these principles to re-zone the GBR
CentralizationHighly centralized (4)
ExplanationThis is a government act, highly centralized.
Distance To MarketsLess than 10km (1)
Mpa Iucn Somewhat Strict Zones67 %
Mpa Iucn Sustainable Zones 62 %
Mpa Budget49500000 $US
ExplanationAUD $54 million in 2014
Mpa ConnectivityYes (3)
ExplanationConnectivity was specifically taken into account in re-zoning the GBRMP. Information about connectivity is fairly limited, though (as in most marine systems).
Mpa Migratory Threats And ReduxBy having established 33% of park in no-take areas
Mpa Motivation["Ecological value"]
Mpa Primary Goal (In Practice)["Biodiversity conservation"]
Mpa Protection["Reducing threats"]
Metric DiversityHigh: Many metrics for success (3)
Pa Iucn Strict Zones33 %
Social Ecological FitLow (1)
ExplanationThe area governed by the GBRMP Act encompasses the marine portion of the Great Barrier Reef. It does not incldue the adjacent land, however.
Mpa Migratory BenefitYes