|Palito was the first AMPR created in Costa Rica in 2009 (A3). INCOPESCA
created the AMPR model from inspiration and by learning from Palito’s self- organized efforts. The only difference from Palito’s original effort being that responsibilities in the formal AMPRs were to be shared with government agen- cies through co-management. The previous informal rules and regulations (GS4b; GS5b) of the area were now legally recognized (García Lozano and Heinen 2016b). Palito was extended to include the neighboring Montero sector in 2012. A fishing association from Montero (ASOMM) was created in 2009 with around 40 fishers and community members (I7), as a requirement to create the Palito area extension with a few different rules. The extension was suggested by INCOPESCA to has- ten creation procedures (GS1c). Also, other government agencies such as IMAS, NGOs and research institutes (INA, MarViva, UNA) have supported capacity building, surveillance equipment and/or general funding for AMPR functioning (GS1a; b; GS2a; b), and actions influencing fishers to keep enrolled. In addi- tion, UNA provided information about potential fishing areas to protect within the AMPR and supported the development of aquaculture projects.