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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryRESEX areas are a form of protected area (MPA) aimed at democratizing access to natural resources through participatory comanagement with both social and environmental goals. The RESEX program aims to bring marginalized traditional populations that depend on local natural resources into national development processes by empowering them to participate in national government supported formal management of RESEX areas. The RESEX goals include the sustainable management of resources to maintain local livelihoods while simultaneously stewarding biodiversity conservation.
ProjectSESMAD
SubtypeFormal Governance System
SectorFisheries (Stock-specific), Forests, Marine protected areas
Begin Date2009
Explanation
End DateCurrent
Explanation
Governance ScaleState-based policy
Explanation
Governance System DescriptionParticipatory co-management
ExplanationThe Caeté-Taperaçú RESEX was created in 2005 as a comanaged marine extractive reserve in which the rights to extract resources are given to an association of users to collectively develop rules. The comanagement rights apply exclusively within the RESEX boundaries. To address identified user conflicts relating to the local mangroves, local village residents were offered comanagement rights to address conflicts under the RESEX legal framework, then administered by the Conselho Nacional de Populacoes Tradicionais (National Council of Traditional Populations, CNPT), the predecessor of ICMBio. Since 1998, extensive diagnostic assessments have been conducted in the area by the local university, the rural farmers union, and CNPT/IBAMA. These contributed to the initiation of the RESEX in 2005. Despite these earlier efforts, the initial diagnostic phase to assess the status of the area or the current management plan is stated in the official document as not having begun until 2009. The final management plan was only published in 2012, stating the goal of “...conservation, preservation and sustainable use of natural resources...to improve the living conditions and enhancement of traditional culture for people...residing in and/or around [the RESEX]”.
Governance Triggerslow continuous change
Explanation
Type Of Formal GovernanceManagement plan
Explanation
Mpa Internal Natural BoundariesHigh (3)
Explanation
Mpa Migratory Life HistoryNot Applicable
Explanation
Mpa Threats To Migratory SpNot Applicable
Explanation
Mpa ThreatsOver-harvesting of mangrove reserouces and erosion
ExplanationOver-harvesting mangrove crab and wood. Erosion from development and sea-level rise
Governance Knowledge Use["", "Scientific knowledge", "Local/traditional knowledge"]
Explanation
Pa Car PrinciplesPartially (2)
Explanation
CentralizationSomewhat decentralized (2)
Explanation
Distance To MarketsBetween 10-100km (2)
Explanation
Horizontal CoordinationInformal
Explanation
Mpa Iucn Somewhat Strict ZonesMissing
Explanation
Mpa Iucn Sustainable Zones Missing
Explanation
Mpa BudgetMissing
Explanation
Mpa ConnectivityYes (3)
Explanation
Mpa Migratory Threats And ReduxNot Applicable
Explanation
Mpa Motivation["", "Other"]
Explanation
Mpa Primary Goal (In Practice)["", "Biodiversity conservation", "Fisheries improvement", "Social goals"]
Explanation
Mpa Protection["", "Other"]
Explanation
Metric DiversityHigh: Many metrics for success (3)
Explanation
Pa Iucn Strict ZonesMissing
Explanation
Social Ecological FitLow (1)
Explanation
Mpa Migratory BenefitNot Applicable
Explanation
Governance System Spatial Extent420
Explanation