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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryICCAT contracting parties that obtain quota to appropriate from the Eastern Stock of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna in the Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean.
SectorFisheries (Stock-specific)
Interest HeterogeneityHigh (3)
ExplanationInterests among group members vary along several dimensions. This includes the variations in the magnitude of ABFT fishing operations, whether they are consumers (mostly Japan) or simply appropriators (the rest). Reliance on tuna by fishermen also vary considerably across countries, with greater reliance in Spain in particular.
Costs Of ExitYes
ExplanationAlthough countries may still fish for Eastern ABFT if they leave ICCAT, they would lose legal access to international trade, and the lucrative Japanese sashimi market.
Proportionality (Of Costs And Benefits)Yes
ExplanationThere is some proportionality between contributions to ICCAT and the amount of benefits, however, not included in these costs are the monitoring costs that are performed at the National Level. In any case 4 groups are identified, Parties identified as developed market economies pay the most, while payments by non-developed economies depend upon combinations of their GNP and catches. The poorest countries with catches below 5000t pay 0.25% of the budget each, while countries that exceed GNP of 2,000 or harvest more than 5000t pay 3,00% each.
Actor Group CoordinationInformal
ExplanationFormal coordination takes place among ICCAT contracting parties, there is no explicit recognition of Western members as a group.
LeadershipNo leader
ExplanationThere is no formal or informal leader of the group.
Leadership Accountability 
Leadership Authority 
Actor Group Trust 
Past CollaborationMedium (2)
ExplanationA large fraction of member states collaborate frequently on governance issues as part of the European Union. However, there are several states that receive quota such as Japan, Algeria, Morocco, Croatia, the Former Yugoslavia, Korea. Tunisia and Turkey that are not part of the EU and thus collaborate less frequently.
Personal Communication 
ExplanationICCAT contracting parties meet regularly, but there are no separate meetings for ICCAT Eastern Members.
Remote Communication 
ExplanationICCAT contracting parties meet regularly, but there are no separate meetings, or evidence thereof for ICCAT Eastern Members.