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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryFishermen with licenses to fish for Patagonian squid (Loligo gahi)
SubtypeLocal Resource User Group
SectorFisheries (Stock-specific)
Interest HeterogeneityLow (1)
ExplanationAll working together to supply Patagonian squid market
Costs Of ExitNo
ExplanationTrawlers set up for long distance fishing, so could go elsewhere. But they typically do not.
Proportionality (Of Costs And Benefits)Yes
ExplanationCosts include taxes, licenses, fuel, vessel maintenance. Profits exceed costs. Often countries (e.g. Spain) subsidize costs, helping this. Very expensive to be involved in fishery, but high economic outputs.
Actor Group CoordinationBoth formal and informal
ExplanationFormal: “The Falkland Islands Fishing Companies Association (FIFCA) FIFCA was established by the Fisheries (Conservation and Management) Ordinance 2005. The Association represents the interests of all holders of fisheries quota under the 25-year Falklands Individual Transferable Quota system (‘ITQ’). We work with our members to ensure that industry views are put before relevant bodies in areas of interest to the industry, participate in a number of committees and jointly fund and provide resources for the advancement of knowledge regarding the fishery, including its biological, operational, environmental and economic aspects.” (FIFCA 2015). The Loligo Producers Association is a subgroup of FIFCA. Informal: All the fishermen know each other. The Falkland Islanders are very close. The Spanish masters have all been doing this for many years and all know each other. The crew are retained year after year and are recruited from the same places.
ExplanationFormal FIFCA board with chair and vice-chair. Holds weight. Leader rotates. No informal leader
Leadership AccountabilityHigh (3)
ExplanationLeaders rotate, and those that cause trouble are dealt with by the group.
Leadership AuthorityHigh (3)
ExplanationVery hierarchical, where joint venture businessmen have a lot of control over fishing masters which have a lot of control over fishermen.
Actor Group TrustHigh (3)
ExplanationSmall community, 20-30 years same people involved, social stigma to do the right thing and be honest with each other. Most of the time any issue is some guy "being an idiot" but not trying to rig the system. Crew: many of them have worked for many years together, no observed conflicts.
Past CollaborationHigh (3)
ExplanationCompanies used to compete for quota but would collaborate on fishing and the market, but now only compete in the market and generally this doesn't change too much. They collaborate in FIFCA together (and the Loligo Producers Association which is a subgroup of FIFCA).
Personal CommunicationMore than once a year (5)
ExplanationCommunicate frequently, families and neighbors
Remote CommunicationMore than once a year (5)
ExplanationCommunicate frequently over radio during season