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Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis Database: Component

SummaryNation states that have ratified contracting status with ICCAT or acting as a non-contracting cooperative party.
SectorFisheries (Stock-specific)
Interest HeterogeneityHigh (3)
ExplanationInterests among group members vary along several dimensions. This includes the variations in the magnitude of ABFT fishing operations, whether they are consumers (mostly Japan) or simply appropriators (the rest). Reliance on tuna by fishermen also vary considerably across countries, with greater reliance in Spain in particular.
Costs Of ExitYes
ExplanationIf members choose to leave ICCAT they lose the ability to trade bluefin tuna with other contracting parties, most notably Japan.
Proportionality (Of Costs And Benefits)Yes
ExplanationThere is some proportionality between contributions to ICCAT and the amount of benefits, however, not included in these costs are the monitoring costs that are performed at the National Level. In any case 4 groups are identified, Parties identified as developed market economies pay the most, while payments by non-developed economies depend upon combinations of their GNP and catches. The poorest countries with catches below 5000t pay 0.25% of the budget each, while countries that exceed GNP of 2,000 or harvest more than 5000t pay 3,00% each.
Actor Group CoordinationBoth formal and informal
ExplanationICCAT has developed a formal process for analyzing fisheries data and producing recommendations. Recommendations are evaluated by contracting parties in both formal and informal settings, and final quotas are the result of formal and informal bargaining processes.
LeadershipNo leader
ExplanationThere is no formal or informal leader
Leadership Accountability 
Leadership Authority 
Actor Group Trust 
Past CollaborationHigh (3)
ExplanationICCAT was created in 1966, and began to undertake management activities for fisheries among member states in 1969. It has a long history of coordinating regulation of fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean and over time has regulated an increasing number of fisheries and added a number of additional contracting parties.
Personal CommunicationMore than once a year (5)
Remote CommunicationMore than once a year (5)