|The Toothfish fishery management plan governs appropriation of toothfish from waters surrounding Macquarie Island. Limited fishing takes place within the habitat/species protection zone of the Marine Reserve.
|Formal Governance System
|A trial fishery was begun in 1994.
|As of 2014
|The Toothfish fisheries management plan is governed by the Australian Fisheries Management Authority
|Governance System Description
|The toothfish fishery management plan adopts quotas, input controls (3 boat maximum at any one time) and gear restrictions to manage the fishery and limit environmental impacts. The plan is implemented primarily by the AFMA, with 2 observers aboard each boat.
|Type Of Formal Governance
|Management plan has been implemented in the context of enabling legislation
|Governance Knowledge Use
|Scientific knowledge is used exclusively to govern appropriation of toothfish and develop regulations.
|Highly centralized (4)
|Decisions are made by the national government
|Distance To Markets
|High: Many metrics for success (3)
|Governance system aims to maintain stocks at sustainable levels, but also seeks to limit bycatch, particularly seabird bycatch and the potential impacts of the fishing fleet on the environment.
|Social Ecological Fit
|Governance System Spatial Extent